Polymorphisms of Il-10 (-1082) and RANKL (-438) Genes and the Failure of Dental Implants

Abstract

Background. Genetic polymorphisms in certain cytokines and chemokines have been investigated to understand why some individuals display implant flaws despite having few risk factors at the time of implant. Purpose. To investigate the association of genetic polymorphisms in interleukin- (IL-) 10 [-1082 region (A/G)] and RANKL [-438 region (A/G)] with the failure of dental implants. Materials and Methods. This study included 90 partially edentulous male and female patients who were rehabilitated with a total of 245 Straumann dental implants. An implant was considered a failure if any of the following occurred: mobility, persistent subjective complaint, recurrent peri-implant infection with suppuration, continuous radiolucency around the implant, probing depth ≥ 5 mm, and bleeding on probing. Buccal mucosal cells were collected for analysis of RANKL438 and IL-10. Results. The implant success rate in this population was 34.4%. The mutant allele (G) in RANKL had an incidence of 52.3% and mutant allele (A) in IL-10 was observed in 37.8%. No statistically significant difference was detected between the failure of the implant and the genotypes and allelic frequencies. Conclusion. No association was detected between the genetic polymorphisms of RANKL (-438) and IL-10 (-1082) and the failure of dental implants in the population studied.

DOI: 10.1155/2017/3901368

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Ribeiro2017PolymorphismsOI, title={Polymorphisms of Il-10 (-1082) and RANKL (-438) Genes and the Failure of Dental Implants}, author={Rodrigo Metzker Pereira Ribeiro and Rayanne Melo and Pedro Tortamano Neto and Andr{\'e} Vajgel and Paulo Roberto Eleut{\'e}rio Souza and Renata Cim{\~o}es}, booktitle={International journal of dentistry}, year={2017} }