Polymorphisms of HLA genes in Western Javanese (Indonesia): close affinities to Southeast Asian populations.


Identification of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antigens that are known as the highest polymorphic genes has become a valuable tool for tissue transplantation, platelet transfusion, disease susceptibility or resistance, and forensic and anthropological studies. In the present study, the allele and haplotype frequencies of HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DRB1 were studied in 237 unrelated healthy Western Javanese (Indonesia) by the high-resolution polymerase chain reaction-Luminex method. A total of 18 A, 40 B, and 20 DRB1 alleles were identified. The most frequent HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 alleles were HLA-A*2407 (21.6%), HLA-B*1502 (11.6%) and HLA-B*1513 (11.2%), and DRB1*1202 (37.8%), respectively. The most frequent two-locus haplotypes were HLA-A*2407-B*3505 (7%) and HLA-B*1513-DRB1*1202 (9.2%), and three-locus haplotypes were HLA-A*3401-B*1521-DRB1*150201 (4.6%), HLA-A*2407-B*3505-DRB1*1202 (4.3%), and HLA-A*330301-B*440302-DRB1*070101 (4.2%). HLA allele and haplotype frequencies in addition to phylogenetic tree and principal component analyses based on the four-digit sequence-level allele frequencies for HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DRB1 showed that Western Javanese (Indonesia) was closest to Southeast Asian populations.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.2008.01178.x
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@article{Yuliwulandari2009PolymorphismsOH, title={Polymorphisms of HLA genes in Western Javanese (Indonesia): close affinities to Southeast Asian populations.}, author={Rika Yuliwulandari and Koichi Kashiwase and Hideo Nakajima and Jasim Uddin and Tri Panjiasih Susmiarsih and Abdul Salam Mudzakir Sofro and Katsushi Tokunaga}, journal={Tissue antigens}, year={2009}, volume={73 1}, pages={46-53} }