Polymorphism of the long-wavelength cone in normal human colour vision

@article{Neitz1986PolymorphismOT,
  title={Polymorphism of the long-wavelength cone in normal human colour vision},
  author={Jay Neitz and Gerald H. Jacobs},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1986},
  volume={323},
  pages={623-625}
}
Colour vision is based on the presence of multiple classes of cone each of which contains a different type of photopigment1. Colour matching tests have long revealed that the normal human has three cone types. Results from these tests have also been used to provide estimates of cone spectral sensitivities2. There are significant variations in colour matches made by individuals whose colour vision is classified as normal3–6. Some of this is due to individual differences in preretinal absorption… 
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