Recombination within mouse t haplotypes has replaced significant segments of t-specific DNA
Restriction fragment polymorphisms were used to order the alpha A-crystallin locus (Crya-1) relative to other genes in mouse t-chromatin and to investigate the relatedness of alpha-A-crystallin sequences among different t-haplotypes. Analysis of DNA from t-recombinant mice mapped Crya-1 to the K end of the H-2 complex and within the distal inverted region characteristic of t-haplotypes. Hybridization with Crya-1 cDNA revealed three distinct phenotypic groups among the 17 different t-haplotypes studied. A majority (9 of 17) of the t-haplotypes were classified into a novel group (Crya-1t) characterized by restriction fragments apparently unique to t-chromosomes and therefore thought to contain alpha A-crystallin sequences descended from the original t-chromosome. A second group of t-haplotypes had restriction fragment patterns indistinguishable from those observed among many common inbred strains of mice of the Crya-1a type, and a third restriction fragment pattern, observed only in the tw121 haplotype, was indistinguishable from the fragment pattern for C3H/DiSn (Crya-1b) and several other inbred strains of mice. Thus, with respect to sequences around the Crya-1 locus, different t-haplotypes show restriction fragment polymorphisms, some of which are comparable to those found in wild-type chromosomes and provide further evidence for genetic heterogeneity in DNA from the distal region of t-haplotypes.