Polymer and Composite Membranes for Proton-Conducting, High-Temperature Fuel Cells: A Critical Review

Abstract

Polymer fuel cells operating above 100 °C (High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, HT-PEMFCs) have gained large interest for their application to automobiles. The HT-PEMFC devices are typically made of membranes with poly(benzimidazoles), although other polymers, such as sulphonated poly(ether ether ketones) and pyridine-based materials have been reported. In this critical review, we address the state-of-the-art of membrane fabrication and their properties. A large number of papers of uneven quality has appeared in the literature during the last few years, so this review is limited to works that are judged as significant. Emphasis is put on proton transport and the physico-chemical mechanisms of proton conductivity.

DOI: 10.3390/ma10070687

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Quartarone2017PolymerAC, title={Polymer and Composite Membranes for Proton-Conducting, High-Temperature Fuel Cells: A Critical Review}, author={Eliana Quartarone and Simone Angioni and Piercarlo Mustarelli}, booktitle={Materials}, year={2017} }