Polycystic ovaries are a common finding in untreated female to male transsexuals

@article{Balen1993PolycysticOA,
  title={Polycystic ovaries are a common finding in untreated female to male transsexuals},
  author={Adam H Balen and M Schachter and Don Montgomery and Russell Reid and Howard S. Jacobs},
  journal={Clinical Endocrinology},
  year={1993},
  volume={38}
}
OBJECTIVE We studied the pretreatment hormone profile and ovarian ultrasound appearance of female‐to‐male transsexuals. 
Prevalence of hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome in female to male transsexuals
Introduction Prevalence of hyperandrogenism (HA), including the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in female-to-male transsexuals (FMT) is high. This has been related to metabolic syndrome (MS),Expand
Know-How of the Hormonal Therapy and the Effect of the Male Hormone on Uterus in the Female to Male Transsexuals
TLDR
Management of the patient with gender identity disorder involves many different aspects of medical care and hormonal therapy not only has a therapeutic role but also an important diagnostic tool. Expand
Ovarian cancer in female-to-male transsexuals: report of two cases.
TLDR
Simultaneous salpingo-oophorectomy should be performed in any female-to-male transsexual undergoing hysterectomy in the course of gender-confirming therapy, hypothesized to constitute an additional risk factor in transsexuals as it has been associated with ovarian epithelian cancer. Expand
Prevalence of polycystic ovaries and polycystic ovary syndrome in lesbian women compared with heterosexual women.
TLDR
There is a significantly higher prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO) and PCOS in lesbian women compared with heterosexual women, and lesbian women with either PCO or PCOS had more pronounced hyperandrogenism than did heterosexual women with both PCO andPCOS. Expand
Ovulation and the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • R. Jansen
  • Medicine
  • The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology
  • 1994
TLDR
Once among the most treatable causes of infertility, ovulation‐induction for PCOS remained unsophisticated while microsurgery and assisted conception dissolved frontiers for other Causes of infertility. Expand
Distinctive features of female-to-male transsexualism and prevalence of gender identity disorder in Japan.
TLDR
The sex ratio among Japanese transsexuals is different than among Caucasians, and PCOS and insulin resistance are common findings in FTM transsexual patients at initial presentation. Expand
A Unifying Concept for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
TLDR
This chapter first discusses the nomenclature of the disorder and what the disorder should be called, and a hypothesis is presented in an attempt to unify various concepts and reconcile the differences presented by the many investigators who have studied the disorder. Expand
Endocrine treatment of transsexual people: a review of treatment regimens, outcomes, and adverse effects.
TLDR
The range of treatment used by transsexual people, the rationale behind these, and the expectation from such treatment are discussed, as well as the potential adverse effects of cross-sex hormone treatment of transsexual people. Expand
Polycystic ovary syndrome
TLDR
The diagnostic traits of polycystic ovary syndrome are hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, and poly Cystic ovaries, after exclusion of other conditions that cause these same features. Expand
A higher rate of hyperandrogenic disorders in female-to-male transsexuals
In an effort to elucidate the aetiology of female-to-male transsexualism (FM-TS) 12 out of an annual sample of 16 untreated female-to-male transsexuals (FMT), aged 19 years 7 months (19;7) to 44Expand
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The ovaries showed occasional corpora lutea indicating that even in the face of long term androgen therapy, ovulation may occur. Expand
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It is demonstrated that androgens alone may induce polycystic changes in women with transsexualism and the assumption that the role of androgens is pivotal at the follicular level—inducing follicle growth arrest and accelerating cystic changes—in the genesis ofpolycystic ovaries is reinforced. Expand
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