Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the environment and in people: a meta-analysis of concentrations.

  title={Polybrominated diphenyl ethers in the environment and in people: a meta-analysis of concentrations.},
  author={Ronald A. Hites},
  journal={Environmental science \& technology},
  volume={38 4},
  • R. Hites
  • Published 8 January 2004
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Environmental science & technology
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are used as flame retardants in many types of consumer products. Perhaps as a result of their widespread use and their lipophilicity, these compounds have become ubiquitous in the environment and in people. This review summarizes PBDE concentrations measured in several environmental media and analyzes these data in terms of relative concentrations, concentration trends, and congener profiles. In human blood, milk, and tissues, total PBDE levels have… 
Polybrominated diphenyl ether in the East Asian environment: a critical review.
The concentrations of PBDEs in atmosphere, sludge, human and biological samples of East Asia are comparable to or lower than those in Europe and North America, however, in the sediments of waters near densely populated and heavily industrialized areas, PBDE levels are among the highest ever reported in the literature.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in human milk from Australia.
The results suggest that the exposure pathways which contribute to the PBDE body burden in the Australian population require a better understanding in order to determine future policy regarding their use and disposal.
Concentrations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blood serum from New Zealand.
The congener pattern observed is in line with that reported for human tissues outside North America, but shows a lower contribution of PBDE 47 to SigmaPBDE than observed in North Americans.
Polybrominated diphenyl ether flame retardants in the U.S. marine environment: a review.
The addition of PBDEs to the list of POPs established by the United Nations Stockholm Convention will be important in elevating environmental concerns regarding these chemicals to an appropriate level of awareness.
Assessment of the Concentrations of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Flame Retardants in the Australian Population: Levels in Blood
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), a common class of brominated flame retardants, are a ubiquitous part of our built environment, and for many years have contributed to improved public safety by
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Marine Ecosystems of the American Continents: Foresight from Current Knowledge
  • S. Shaw, K. Kannan
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Reviews on environmental health
  • 2009
Concerns are outlined about the potential future impacts of large existing stores of banned PBDEs in consumer products, and the vast and growing reservoirs of deca-BDE as well as new and naturally occurring brominated compounds on marine ecosystems.
Human exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers through the diet.
  • J. Domingo
  • Chemistry, Medicine
    Journal of chromatography. A
  • 2004
It is concluded that studies focused on determining PBDE exposure for the population of a number of countries are clearly required and the correlation of PBDE body burdens and dietary intake ofPBDEs are also necessary.
Environmental Characteristics of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Marine System, with Emphasis on Marine Organisms and Sediments
Based on meta-analysis, after separating the estuarial sites from the marine sites, ignoring the extraordinary sample sites such as those located just near the point source, the PBDE concentration levels are still in the same order of magnitude from global scale.
Temporal trends of polybrominated diphenyl ethers and hexabromocyclododecane in milk from Stockholm mothers, 1980-2004.
DecaBDE (BDE-209) is not a suitable biomarker for time trend studies according to the present results, showing no changes over time, due to its short apparent half-life in humans and poor transfer from blood to milk.
Hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) in the abiotic environment: surface water and precipitation from Ontario, Canada.
The results in this study suggest that OH-PBDEs are ubiquitous in the abiotic environment and most likely are produced through reaction of PBDEs with atmospheric OH radicals, as well as they may be present in surface waters near STPs due to oxidation of PB DEs and inflows from metabolism by humans and animals.