Polyandry and its effect on female reproduction in the green-veined white butterfly (Pieris napi L.)

@article{Wiklund2004PolyandryAI,
  title={Polyandry and its effect on female reproduction in the green-veined white butterfly (Pieris napi L.)},
  author={Christer Wiklund and Arja Kaitala and Virpi Lindfors and Johan Abenius},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={33},
  pages={25-33}
}
In many insects nutrients transferred by the male to the female at mating are later incorporated into both the eggs and soma of the mated females. Accordingly, it has been suggested that female insects can use these male-derived nutrients both for somatic maintenance and to increase both the number and quality of their offspring. Moreover, much discussion is presently devoted to whether the male nuptial gift represents paternal investment, defined as “any increase in given male's total… CONTINUE READING

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