Polyamines: new cues in cellular signal transduction.

@article{Bachrach2001PolyaminesNC,
  title={Polyamines: new cues in cellular signal transduction.},
  author={Uriel Bachrach and Yan Cong Wang and Adi Tabib},
  journal={News in physiological sciences : an international journal of physiology produced jointly by the International Union of Physiological Sciences and the American Physiological Society},
  year={2001},
  volume={16},
  pages={106-9}
}
The naturally occurring polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine are involved in signal transduction. This has been demonstrated by using inhibitors for polyamine biosynthesis (such as alpha-difluoromethylornithine) or adding polyamines to cultured cells. Different polyamines, preferentially activated protein kinases (tyrosine kinases and MAP kinases), stimulated the expression of nuclear protooncogenes (myc, jun, and fos).