Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors as cancer therapy.

@article{Hilton2013PolyADPribosePI,
  title={Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors as cancer therapy.},
  author={John Frederick Hilton and Matthew J Hadfield and Minh-Thu Tran and Geoffrey I. Shapiro},
  journal={Frontiers in bioscience},
  year={2013},
  volume={18},
  pages={1392-406}
}
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are pharmacologic agents which primarily inhibit the PARP-1 and PARP-2 enzymes within the cell. Inhibition of PARP results in failure of base-excision repair (BER) to correct single-stranded breaks in DNA. This failure results in double-stranded breaks that are subsequently repaired either by homologous recombination (HR) repair, which is error-free, or by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ), which is an error-prone process. Clinically, PARP… CONTINUE READING
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