Pollution and Mortality in the 19th Century

  title={Pollution and Mortality in the 19th Century},
  author={W. W. Hanlon},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  • W. W. Hanlon
  • Published 2015
  • Geography
  • NBER Working Paper Series
  • Mortality was extremely high in the industrial cities of the 19th century, but little is known about the role played by pollution in generating this pattern, due largely to a lack of direct pollution measures. I overcome this problem by combining data on the local composition of industries in Britain with information on the intensity with which industries used polluting inputs. Using this new measure, I show that pollution had a strong impact on mortality as far back as the 1850s. Industrial… CONTINUE READING
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