Pollutant lead reveals the pre‐Hellenistic occupation and ancient growth of Alexandria, Egypt

@article{Vron2006PollutantLR,
  title={Pollutant lead reveals the pre‐Hellenistic occupation and ancient growth of Alexandria, Egypt},
  author={Alain V{\'e}ron and Jean‐philippe Goiran and Christophe Morhange and Nick Marriner and Jean-Yves Empereur},
  journal={Geophysical Research Letters},
  year={2006},
  volume={33}
}
It is generally accepted that Alexandria ad Aegyptum was founded ex nihilo in 331 BC by Alexander the Great, rapidly growing into one of antiquity's most opulent economic and intellectual centers. However, ancient texts by Strabo (17.1.6) and Pliny (NH 5.11.62) suggest the existence of a pre‐Hellenistic settlement named Rhakotis. This literary evidence has fuelled contentious scholarly debate for decades. Here we present new geochemical data from Alexandria's ancient bay sediments, elucidating… 
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