Pollination: Self-fertilization strategy in an orchid

@article{Liu2006PollinationSS,
  title={Pollination: Self-fertilization strategy in an orchid},
  author={Ke-wei Liu and Zhong-Jian Liu and Laiqiang Huang and Liqiang Li and Li-jun Chen and Guang-da Tang},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2006},
  volume={441},
  pages={945-946}
}
Mating in flowering plants normally relies on animals, wind, gravity or secretion to convey pollen grains from the male (anther) to the female (stigma) organ. Here we describe a new type of self-pollination mechanism in the tree-living orchid Holcoglossum amesianum, in which the bisexual flower turns its anther against gravity through 360° in order to insert pollen into its own stigma cavity — without the aid of any pollinating agent or medium. This mode of self-pollination, which occurs under… Expand
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