Politicians at Arms: Civilian Recruitment of Soldiers for Middle East Coups

@article{Kinney2018PoliticiansAA,
  title={Politicians at Arms: Civilian Recruitment of Soldiers for Middle East Coups},
  author={Drew Holland Kinney},
  journal={Armed Forces \& Society},
  year={2018},
  volume={45},
  pages={681 - 701}
}
  • D. Kinney
  • Published 12 June 2018
  • Political Science
  • Armed Forces & Society
Why would politicians recruit soldiers for military coups d’état? The civil–military relations literature assumes politicians aspire to supremacy over the military; enabling praetorianism would risk their future rule. While civil–military relations widely recognizes the empirical fact of civilian participation in military takeovers, no study specifies or theorizes the topic. This essay examines the conditions in which politicians recruit soldiers to seize power by investigating the understudied… 

Tables from this paper

Sharing Saddles: Oligarchs and Officers on Horseback in Egypt and Tunisia
Research on the military’s removal from politics overemphasizes the attitudes and interests of officers. Civilians are portrayed as incapable of confronting refractory men with guns. This essay
Militarized Policing in the Middle East and North Africa
ABSTRACT This article explains changing patterns in police militarization in the Middle East and North Africa. It presents new data on police forces in nineteen countries in the region, 1946–2020,
Through the Looking Glass: Trump-Era Civil-Military Relations in Comparative Perspective
While often studied in isolation and treated as exceptional, civilmilitary relations in the United States under President Donald Trump exhibit many patterns and problems found globally. This article
Participation of the Turkish Military in the Economy of the State: Case of Indirect Praetorionism
Based on the example of the Turkish military’s involvement in the country’s economy, this article seeks to complement the concept of praetorionism and to highlight the mechanisms of indirect
Who Wants a Coup? A List Experiment in Turkey
The failed coup in Turkey in 2016 highlighted the importance of public support for a military takeover. Why do some coups enjoy public support while others do not? This paper presents a new theory
Dynamic Intersection of Military and Society
The military and society interact and shape each other every day. This chapter examines the diverse, interdisciplinary field of study that seeks to understand and explain that interaction. It begins
When Does Backsliding Lead to Breakdown? Uncertainty and Opposition Strategies in Democracies at Risk
In recent decades, prominent national leaders like Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez gained power through democratic institutions, only to undermine those institutions once in
Forum: A Coup At the Capitol? Conceptualizing Coups and Other Antidemocratic Actions
The term “coup” has been used to describe a diverse range of events. Although recent decades have seen the academic study of coups focus on an increasingly narrow type of military intervention in
Resistance and Military Defection in Turkey
Turkey has experienced a heterogeneous collection of social movements and protests. While scholars have given substantial attention to coups in this context, it remains unclear if the Turkish Armed...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 64 REFERENCES
The Role of the Military in Middle East Politics.
During the past four years several Middle Eastern countries have experienced governmental changes in which the army took an active part. In Syria and Egypt the army deliberately intervened to
Contracting on Violence
Why does the military intervene in the politics of some countries but remain under firm civilian control in others? The paper argues that the origins of military intervention in politics lie in a
CIVIL-MILITARY RELATIONS1
▪ Abstract Who will guard the guardians? Political scientists since Plato have sought to answer this, the central question of the civil-military relations subfield. Although civil-military relations
IRAQ's FIRST COUP GOVERNMENT (1936 - 1937)
By the mid-1930s, several officers of the Iraqi army had become actively interested in politics and found that the army’s reputation for suppressing the Assyrian rebellion was a political asset. The
Arab Uprisings, Armed Forces, and Civil–Military Relations
Since late 2010, an unprecedented wave of protests demanding greater political freedoms, and in several countries even regime change, has swept across much of the Arab world. In Tunisia, Egypt, and
Politics and the Military in Iraq and Jordan, 1920-1958
Despite some striking parallels in the historical evolution of Iraq and Jordan, the political behavior of the armed forces in those two states has been remarkably dissimilar. In Iraq, an army revolt
The Civil-Military Problematique: Huntington, Janowitz, and the Question of Civilian Control
The alleged crisis in American civil-military relations has revived a long-standing theoretical debate about the determinants of civilian control. So far, the debate has followed lines of analysis
The Soldier and the State: The Theory and Politics of Civil-Military Relations.
Introduction: National Security and Civil-Military Relations PART I MILITARY INSTITUTIONS AND THE STATE: THEORETICAL AND HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES 1. Officership as a Profession Professionalism and the
Prospects for “Democratic Control of the Armed Forces”?
A clear breach of authoritarian rule within the Arab world in 2012 manifested in public uprisings among significant sectors of society. As a relatively autonomous institution within the authoritarian
From Fighting Formal Wars to Maintaining Civil Peace?
  • P. Droz-Vincent
  • Political Science
    International Journal of Middle East Studies
  • 2011
In the 2011 wave of popular uprisings shaking authoritarian rule in the Middle East, mass societal mobilizations have been the crucial factor. But institutional actors, especially armies, are also
...
...