Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy.

  title={Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy.},
  author={Charles Austin Beard and Robert G. Michels},
  journal={Political Science Quarterly},
The principle of self-government through political parties, the cornerstone of democracy, has come to be regarded as a solution to the problem of nationality. This is because the principle of nationality entails the acceptance of the idea of popular government. The importance of the principle of nationality is undeniable, and most of the national questions of Western Europe might be solved in accordance with this principle. Matters are complicated by geographical and strategical considerations… Expand
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