Political Economy of the Environment

  title={Political Economy of the Environment},
  author={Thomas K. Rudel and J. Timmons Roberts and Joann Carmin},
  journal={Review of Sociology},
Sociological theories about the political economy of the environment have appeared in two waves. The first wave has a productivist orientation, showing how the normal workings of industrial production damage the environment. It includes impact theories (IPAT and STIRPAT), the treadmill of production, growth machine theories, and resource extraction/ecologically unequal exchange theories. A second wave of theories focuses on environmental destruction and the social movements that challenge the… 

The Ebb and Flow of Environmentalism

This essay examines the pattern of ebb and flow in the environmental movement in the United States. Although the movement has experienced periods of expansion and contraction over the last century,

Political economy of the environment

  • J. Boyce
  • Economics
    The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of the Environment
  • 2021
In a provocative and original analysis, James K. Boyce examines the dynamics of environmental degradation in terms of the balances of power between the winners and the losers. He provides evidence

Ending the Stalemate: Toward a Theory of Anthro-Shift

For years, sociologists who study society and the environment have focused on resolving the debate regarding the relationship between economic development and environmental degradation. Studies from

Critical environmental justice and the nature of the firm

The critical environmental justice (CEJ) framework contends that inequalities are sustained through intersecting social categories, multi-scalarity, the perceived expendability of marginalized

Cooptation of ENGOs or Treadmill of Production? Advocacy Coalitions and Climate Change Policy in Finland

Corporatist Nordic welfare states are largely thought to have exemplary environmental policies. Finland, however, was labeled “a failing ecostate” by a recent study owing to its weak climate change

An Environmental Sociology for the Twenty-First Century

Environmental sociology has become a mature field within the discipline of sociology. We consider several of the key theories that define the core and boundaries of the field, calling attention to

Globalizing the treadmill of production: a solutions-oriented application to Ecuador

ABSTRACT A foundational theory in environmental sociology, Allan Schnaiberg’s treadmill of production theory (1980), and subsequent elaborations of the treadmill of production theory, is best known

Externalities: why

The concept of externalities represents the core of environmental economics but appears much less in sociology and other social sciences. This article presents the concept of externalities and makes

Karl Polanyi’s environmental sociology: a primer

ABSTRACT Drawing upon The Great Transformation (1944), we outline Karl Polanyi’s environmental sociology by providing a primer for emerging and other scholars with little exposure to this major work.

The impact of economic recession on climate change: eight trends

In the context of deadlocked climate change negotiations, and the expectation that legally binding targets may only set in as early as 2020, this paper addresses the question of whether the current



Environmental Sociology and the Explanation of Environmental Reform

This article makes the case that environmental sociology is in the midst of a significant shift of problematics, from the explanation of environmental degradation to the explanation of environmental

Community struggles and the shaping of democratic consciousness

Grass-roots protest activities against economic growth have often been viewed as particularistic, random, self-interested actions that have little significant impact on the larger political economy

Making Sense of Corporate Environmentalism

The threat of climate change has elicited divergent climate policy responses from the world's major oil multinationals, splitting the oil industry into two factions. This article analyzes the causes

Environmental Inequalities: Literature Review and Proposals for New Directions in Research and Theory

The first battles that led to the formation of the Environmental Justice movement also produced the first studies of race and exposure to toxins. Subsequently, demographers, geographers,

Ecologically Unequal Exchange in Comparative Perspective

This special issue originated during planning for the 2008 American Sociological Association (ASA) meeting. The Political Economy of the World-System, Environment and Technology, and Marxist

Environmental justice in Latin America : problems, promise, and practice

Environmental justice concerns form an important part of popular environmental movements in many countries. Activists, scholars, and policymakers in the developing world, for example, increasingly

Greening Brazil: Environmental Activism in State and Society

Greening Brazil challenges the claim that environmentalism came to Brazil from abroad. Two political scientists, Kathryn Hochstetler and Margaret E. Keck, retell the story of environmentalism in

Institutional Emergence in an Era of Globalization: The Rise of Transnational Private Regulation of Labor and Environmental Conditions1

  • Tim Bartley
  • Economics, Business
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 2007
Why have systems of “transnational private regulation” recently emerged to certify corporate social and environmental performance? Different conceptions of institutional emergence underlie different

The Silicon Valley of Dreams: Environmental Injustice, Immigrant Workers, and the High-Tech Global Economy

Preface 1 Introduction2 Early History and the Struggle for Resources: Native Nations, Spain, Mexico, and the United States 3 The Valley of the Heart's Delight: Santa Clara County's Agricultural

The City as a Growth Machine: Toward a Political Economy of Place

  • H. Molotch
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1976
A city and, more generally, any locality, is conceived as the areal expression of the interests of some land-based elite. Such an elite is seen to profit through the increasing intensification of the