Political Change and the Outbreak of Civil War: The Case of Lebanon

  title={Political Change and the Outbreak of Civil War: The Case of Lebanon},
  author={Marwan George Rowayheb},
  journal={Civil Wars},
  pages={414 - 436}
  • M. G. Rowayheb
  • Published 1 December 2011
  • Political Science, History
  • Civil Wars
Although the Lebanon of post 2005 is similar in many respects to the Lebanon of the 1950s and 1970s, this article demonstrates that between 2005 and 2011 the country was in less danger of the outbreak of civil war than in 1958 or in 1975. The political circumstances that prevailed in 1958 and in 1975 had made the outbreak of a civil war in the interest of political actors. The introduction of some of the reforms introduced by the Taif Accord since 2005 made many actors more likely to use… 
The paradox of power-sharing: stability and fragility in postwar Lebanon
  • Amanda Rizkallah
  • Political Science
    Affect, Interest and Political Entrepreneurs in Ethnic and Religious Conflicts
  • 2019
ABSTRACT This article examines the consequences of civil war and power-sharing settlements for the development of sectarian networks of mobilization. While power-sharing presents a viable mechanism
Transforming Conflict Within Lebanon Through Efforts of Justpeace: Reinterpreting History to Support a Hermeneutics of Citizenship
This thesis explores the following question: can conflict transformation in Lebanon occur through a process of identifying, locating, and transforming multiple forms of violence, where the use of
Hezbollah: Before and after the Syrian War
Hezbollah combat forces joined the Syrian Civil War in 2012 in alliance with the Assad regime. This Hezbollah action increased geopolitical uncertainties in the Levant and created a potentially
Armed Conflicts and Religious Factors: The Need for Synthesized Conceptual Frameworks and New Empirical Analyses – The Case of the MENA Region*
Before the 1990s, very little research had been done on the religious dimension in the dynamics of internal and international violent conflicts. Two factors may explain this: first, the lack of
Throwing in the Towel: Why Insurgents Negotiate
Negotiating with insurgents can be a perilous endeavor and talks do not always succeed in ending the conflict. A comprehensive review of the counterinsurgency (COIN, henceforth) literature reveals an
In Defense of Intra-Sectarian Divide: Street Mobilization, Coalition Formation, and Rapid Realignments of Sectarian Boundaries in Lebanon
This article examines the rapid transformations in the salience of sectarian boundaries despite seemingly deeply entrenched polarization. Lebanon provides an interesting case study where sectarian
The Drivers of Sectarian Violence: A Qualitative Analysis of Lebanon, Iraq, and Turkey
This dissertation aims to provide a history of the Middle East from the perspective of a modernist perspective, focusing on Lebanon, Iraq, and Turkey from 1991 to 2003.
Lessons from Others for Future U.S. Army Operations in and Through the Information Environment
Harnessing the potential of old and new technology, state and nonstate actors alike dedicate significant effort to developing and employing information power. This examination of the evolution of
L’usage politique du sport au Liban durant la période de l'après- Taëf : Participation-Observante du milieu libanais
Le Liban est l'un des pays les plus petits de la region. Le systeme politique multi confessionnel constitue la marque principale de la societe libanaise. En fait, cette specificite intervient dans
When do Civil Wars Breed Ethnic Cleansing? The Cases of Lebanon and Yugoslavia
Ic savaslar etnik siddetin potansiyel olarak gorulebildigi sureclerdir. Ancak, bazi ic savaslarin sonucu olarak etnik temizlik gibi asiri siddet olaylari gorulse de bu durum her ic savas icin gecerli


An Occasion for War: Civil Conflict in Lebanon and Damascus in 1860
Leila Fawaz's pioneering study tells the story of the 1860 civil wars that began in Mount Lebanon and spilled over into Damascus. This period witnessed the most severe outbreak of sectarian violence
The breakdown of the state in Lebanon, 1967-1976
Part 1 Introduction: situating the breakdown the shortcomings of the Lebanese system in the pre-war period - the academic debate. Part 2 The political and communal scene in pre-war Lebanon: the
Walid Jumblat and Political Alliances: The Politics of Adaptation
Walid Jumblat is a contemporary Lebanese politician who has had an influential role in the domestic politics of Lebanon for more than three decades. Since Jumblat belongs to a minority community, the
Multi‐Ethnic Armies in the Aftermath of Civil War: Lessons Learned from Lebanon
Taylor and Francis Ltd FDEF_A_213484.sgm 10.1080/14702430601135537 Defence Studies 470-2436 (pr nt)/1743-9698 (online) Original Article 2 07 & F ancis 70 00March 2007 lore ceGaub flor g b@web.de With
Killing Mr Lebanon: The Assassination of Rafik Hariri and Its Impact on the Middle East
On Valentine's Day 2005, former Lebanese PM Rafik Hariri, nicknamed 'Mr Lebanon' for his local power and patronage, was killed by a massive explosion as he drove along the Beirut seafront. Ten weeks
Acquiescence to Assassinations in Post-Civil War Lebanon?
This article analyses political assassinations in post-civil war Lebanon. Targeted assassinations intensified during the transitional period from war to peace (1989–91), and peaked after the murder
Fatah al-Islam in Lebanon: Anatomy of a Terrorist Organization
The objective of this study is to provide through an in-depth investigation of the Fatah Al-Islam organization, emergence, programs, and external links, and the inner operation of this underground
Struggle in the Levant: Lebanon in the 1950s
The 1950s in Lebanon were marked by bitter in-fighting, slander, rivalry and rumour. Caroline Attie's book seeks to explain the truth behind the intrigues that dominated by country for a decade. It
Kamal Jumblatt, the uncrowned Druze prince of the left
In the opinion of both friend and foe, Kamal Jumblatt was perhaps Lebanon's most exceptional political figure. Indeed, he was one of those leaders who could not be defeated politically, for he could
Qatar's Relations with Israel: Challenging Arab and Gulf Norms
This article focuses on the development of Qatar's unique relationship with Israel, and explains the relationship as just one component of the Emirate's intricate and bold foreign policy. This