Political Change and Factors Limiting Numbers of Wild and Domestic Ungulates in Kazakhstan

  title={Political Change and Factors Limiting Numbers of Wild and Domestic Ungulates in Kazakhstan},
  author={Sarah Robinson and E. J. Milner‐Gulland},
  journal={Human Ecology},
We examine factors regulating numbers of domestic livestock and saiga antelopes during the major periods of Kazakhstan's history. In the pre-Soviet period livestock migrations were relatively unrestricted and covered huge distances. Little winter feed or veterinary care was provided for domestic livestock and numbers were regulated largely by winter snow or ice cover. Drought affected fecundity but did not cause large-scale mortality. During the Soviet period the provision of winter feed… Expand

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