Political Aftershocks: The Impact of Earthquakes on Intrastate Conflict

@article{Brancati2007PoliticalAT,
  title={Political Aftershocks: The Impact of Earthquakes on Intrastate Conflict},
  author={Dawn Brancati},
  journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution},
  year={2007},
  volume={51},
  pages={715 - 743}
}
  • Dawn Brancati
  • Published 2007
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Conflict Resolution
Although many scholars, policy makers, and relief organizations suggest that natural disasters bring groups together and dampen conflicts, earthquakes can actually stimulate intrastate conflict by producing scarcities in basic resources, particularly in developing countries where the competition for scarce resources is most intense. Capitalizing on a natural experiment design, this study examines the impact of earthquakes on intrastate conflict through a statistical analysis of 185 countries… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Natural Disasters: Triggers of Political Instability?
This study engages with the question: Do different types of natural disasters—droughts, earthquakes, floods, storms, and others—trigger political instability? It revisits an ongoing debate over theExpand
Conflict and disaster 1
In principle, disasters could prolong or shorten conflicts, and conflicts could improve or undermine disaster recovery efforts. Sympathy for victims might extend to combatants and the experience ofExpand
The Armenian Earthquake of 1988: A Perfect Stage for the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict
Abstract Natural disasters can sometimes have a tremendous impact on societies and can even contribute to the outbreak of violent conflicts. The onset of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is usuallyExpand
Responding to Catastrophe
Natural disasters often cause significant human suffering. They may also provide incentives for states to escalate repression against their citizens. We argue that state authorities escalateExpand
Natural Disasters and the Risk of Violent Civil Conflict
Does the occurrence of a natural disaster such as an earthquake, volcanic eruption, tsunami, flood, hurricane, epidemic, heat wave, and/or plague increase the risk of violent civil conflict in aExpand
Natural disasters, aid distribution, and social conflict – Micro-level evidence from the 2015 earthquake in Nepal
Abstract How do natural disasters influence social conflict? We build on previous research by drawing more attention to conditional effects. We argue that damage and destruction tend to increaseExpand
Disasters, riots and political violence in India - A spatiotemporal analysis
This paper aims to assess whether climate-related natural disasters in India tended to be followed by increased frequencies of Hindu-Muslim riots or political violence in the time periodExpand
From Tremors to Talks: Do Natural Disasters Produce Ripe Moments for Resolving Separatist Conflicts?
This article suggests that natural disasters can produce a ripe moment for conflict resolution because governments faced with the demand for effective disaster relief have incentives to offerExpand
In the Wake of Disaster: The Influence of Exogenous Shocks on Interstate Conflict and Cooperation
When natural disasters occur in one or both states in an ongoing international rivalry, how does it a ect the dynamics of conflict and cooperation between the states? In 1999, a series of earthquakesExpand
Climate Change, Natural Disasters, and Post-Disaster Unrest in India
This article undertakes an empirical test of the proposition that natural disasters increase the risk of violent conflict. Climate change is expected to increase the risk of natural disasters, andExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
Natural disaster situations and growth: A macroeconomic model for sudden disaster impacts
The aim of this paper is to examine the relation between a natural disaster situation and its potential effects on the growth rate of output, by means of a simple macroeconomic model, which is laterExpand
Greek‐Turkish rapprochement: The impact of disaster diplomacy'?
This article challenges the widely held view that the Greek‐Turkish rapprochement of 1999 was the direct result of the collaboration following the earthquakes that hit both countries that year. TheExpand
Community Conflict: Its Absence and Its Presence In Natural Disasters
Recent research at the Disaster Research Center at The Ohio State University has allowed a sharper focus on the problem. Field studies have been conducted about 100 different natural disasterExpand
The Political Economy of 'Natural' Disasters
Natural disasters occur in a political space. Although events beyond our control may trigger a disaster, the level of government preparedness and response greatly determines the extent of sufferingExpand
The Political Economy of ``Natural'' Disasters
Natural disasters occur in a political space. Although events beyond our control may trigger a disaster, the level of government preparedness and response greatly determines the extent of sufferingExpand
Earthquake Fatalities: The Interaction of Nature and Political Economy
To say that the level of fatalities resulting from an earthquake is inversely related to a country's per capita level of income is hardly novel. What makes our approach novel is that we relateExpand
Understanding the Economic and Financial Impacts of Natural Disasters
The study described here examines the short- and long-term economic, and financial impacts of natural disasters. It relies in part, on in-depth case studies of overall sensitivity to natural hazardsExpand
Armed Conflict and The Environment: A Critique of the Literature
Conflict over scarce resources, such as minerals, fish, water, and particularly territory, is a traditional source of armed struggle. Recently, wideranging claims have been made to the effect thatExpand
Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis
Earthquakes, floods, drought, and other natural hazards cause tens of thousands of deaths, hundreds of thousands of injuries, and billions of dollars in economic losses each year around the world.Expand
Changes in reports and incidence of child abuse following natural disasters.
TLDR
Most, but not all, of the evidence presented indicates that child abuse escalates after major disasters, including Hurricane Hugo, the Loma Prieta Earthquake, and Hurricane Andrew. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...