Polioviruses and other enteroviruses isolated from faecal samples of patients with acute flaccid paralysis in Australia, 1996–2004

  title={Polioviruses and other enteroviruses isolated from faecal samples of patients with acute flaccid paralysis in Australia, 1996–2004},
  author={Heath A. Kelly and Kerri Anne Brussen and Andrew J. Lawrence and Elizabeth Elliot and John Pearn and Bruce R. Thorley},
  journal={Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health},
Background:  Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is the most common clinical presentation of acute poliovirus infection, occurring in 0.1–1% of infected cases. AFP surveillance has been used world‐wide to monitor the control and eradication of circulating wild poliovirus. This study aims to review the significance of all enteroviruses, including polioviruses, isolated from patients with AFP in Australia between 1996 and 2004. 

Molecular identification and clinical features of enteroviral infection in children of central Korea: An overview of enteroviral epidemiology between spring 2005 and autumn 2006

There is a need for continuous surveillance of enteroviral infection and its clinical manifestations, particularly for EV74, which was first identified in Korea.

Shift of Enterovirus species among children in Cameroon--identification of a new enterovirus, EV-A119.

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A better knowledge of the transmission and the implications of NPEV in diseases may also justify the future studies on their molecular epidemiology.

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The first identification of a chimpanzee presenting AFP most likely caused by an enterovirus is reported and demonstrates once again the cross-species transmission of a human pathogen to an ape.

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The AFP surveillance system in Jordan is performing well; however, additional efforts are needed to strengthen the subnational sensitivity and the cold chain from sample collection to laboratory testing has to be maintained to ensure the reliability of stool specimens required for isolation of the nonpolio enterovirus.

Avaliação de um protocolo visando o diagnóstico rápido dos enterovírus associados a casos de paralisia flácida aguda

The aim of this study is to identify the presence of enterovirus genome directly from first passage of cell culture in order to reduce the cost and time of release of diagnosis.



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Until global eradication of poliomyelitis is achieved, it is essential that a high level of poliovirus vaccination coverage, and surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis, be maintained in Australia.

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In the wake of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) program to eradicate polio globally by the end of the year 2000, attention has focussed on the importance of good surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis, which is essential for a country to qualify for being declared polio-free, and on the occurrence of vaccine–associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP).

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