Policy disconnect: A critical review of UK air quality policy in relation to EU and LAQM responsibilities over the last 20 years

  title={Policy disconnect: A critical review of UK air quality policy in relation to EU and LAQM responsibilities over the last 20 years},
  author={Julius Howland Barnes and Enda Hayes and Tim J. Chatterton and Jane Longhurst},
  journal={Environmental Science \& Policy},
Abstract This paper critically reviews United Kingdom (UK) air quality policy in relation to European and Local Air Quality Management (LAQM) responsibilities over the last 20 years. The arguments articulated in this paper highlight the gulf between national and local air quality management in the UK, including differences in legislation, legal responsibilities, scales of operation, monitoring and modelling requirements, exceedence reporting and action planning. It is argued that local… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

A framework for assessing the contribution of UK local authorities toward compliance with the EU ambient air quality directive
Implementation outcomes of the Ambient Air Quality Directive (AAQD) (2008/50/EC)) are weak across European Union (EU) member states. In the UK, Local Authorities (LAs) must work toward reducing airExpand
Rescaling Air Quality Management: An Assessment of Local Air Quality Authorities in the United States
Institutional design for local air quality management is an underdeveloped area for research and practice. Although the United States has more than a century of organizational experience managing airExpand
Enhancing local air quality management in Wales to maximise public health awareness, integration, collaboration and impact
Air pollution is a significant public health concern. The UK Local Air Quality Management (LAQM) regime mandates collaborative action to reduce air pollution to protect health. Despite having thisExpand
Exploring the potential for “urban air quality transition management” in the EU – lessons from the City of Aachen (Germany)
Air pollution is one of the most important global sustainability and health challenges. In response to this, the European Union (EU) initiated with its Directive 2008/50/EC a new era of (urban) airExpand
Legal but lethal: Lessons from NO2 related mortality in a city compliant with EU limit value
Abstract Research has indicated that the legal maximum annual-average concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) for safe long-term exposure in the European Union and United Kingdom (40 μg/m3) may notExpand
Integrating Planning and Environmental Protection: An Analysis of post-Brexit Regulatory Styles and Practitioner Attitudes in the UK
ABSTRACT Debates around the impacts of the UK’s exit from the European Union (‘Brexit’) have exposed the limited critical attention given to how planning systems intersect with environmentalExpand
Electrification of Road Transport and the Impacts on Air Quality and Health in the UK
Currently, many cities in Europe are affected by concentrations of PM2.5 and NO2 above the WHO guidelines on the protection of human health. This is a global problem in which the growth of roadExpand
Managing Air Quality in Developing Countries
study and professional development use. They are intended to be thought-provoking introductions to emerging issues and debates within the subject areas they cover. This document is an output from aExpand
Acquiring air quality monitoring data through the hierarchy or the market: A case study of Shandong province, China.
It is found the Shandong provincial environmental protection bureau has specified eligibility criteria and crafted contract terms that can reduce the risk of being held up resulted from asset specificity, increase efficiency, improve observability of both input and output quality, and induce accountability by enforceable rewards and sanctions. Expand
Long-term trends in air quality in major cities in the UK and India: a view from space
Abstract. Air quality networks in cities can be costly and inconsistent and typically monitor a few pollutants. Space-based instruments provide global coverage spanning more than a decade toExpand


Air quality management: evolution of policy and practice in the UK as exemplified by the experience of English local government
The air quality management (AQM) framework in the UK is designed to be an effects-based solution to air pollutants currently affecting human health. The AQM process has been legislated through TheExpand
Judging the Risk of Exceedance: Local authority decision-making for air quality management area designation
Management of air quality by local government in the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) requires a process of local decision-making, involving collaboration between localExpand
Evidence of integration of air quality management in the decision-making processes and procedures of English local government
The air quality management (AQM) framework in the UK is a risk management approach using effects-based objectives for air pollutants to determine the need for action. The Environment Act 1995Expand
Introduction of local air quality management in South Africa: overview and challenges
Abstract Air pollution control in South Africa has undergone a shift from the best practicable means to an Air Quality Management approach. Previous legislation was out-dated and did not achieveExpand
Air quality action planning: why do barriers to remediation in local air quality management remain?
UK local air quality action planning has failed to remediate exceedances of air quality targets, particularly for nitrogen dioxide, which are widespread and persistent a decade after the first localExpand
Local air quality management as a risk management process: assessing, managing and remediating the risk of exceeding an air quality objective in Great Britain.
The generic elements of the LAQM process described in this paper have been developed for Great Britain and are applicable to other countries challenged by air pollution problems which require both national and local action to resolve them. Expand
The rhetoric and realities of integrating air quality into the local transport planning process in English local authorities.
Evidence of the deprioritisation of air quality management compared to the other shared priorities in the LTP process indicates the need for a policy shift from a solely localised hotspot management approach, in which the LAQM framework operates, to a more holistic management of vehicular emissions within wider spatial administrative areas. Expand
Local Air Quality Management policy and practice in the UK: The case for greater Public Health integration and engagement
Abstract The UK’s Local Air Quality Management (LAQM) regime is designed to protect people’s health from the ill-effects of air pollution, but it is failing to achieve its full potential. The PublicExpand
Improving road transport-related air quality in England through joint working between Environmental Health Officers and Transport Planners
In this paper the necessity for effective joint working arrangements between Environmental Health Officers and Transport Planners is demonstrated as a fundamental prerequisite for successfulExpand
Progress with air quality management in the 60 years since the UK clean air act, 1956. Lessons, failures, challenges and opportunities
© 2016 WIT Press, www.witpress.com. This paper explores the challenges, opportunities and progress made with managing air quality since the United Kingdom parliament passed the Clean Air Act, 1956.Expand