Policies for higher education in Latin America: The context

@article{Schwartzman1993PoliciesFH,
  title={Policies for higher education in Latin America: The context},
  author={Simon Schwartzman},
  journal={Higher Education},
  year={1993},
  volume={25},
  pages={9-20}
}
Latin American higher education developed since the nineteenth century from the tensions between the Catholic tradition of Iberian colonization and the enlightenment, rationalistic and predominantly French views present in the independence movements, and embodied in the “Napoleonic” institutions established throughout the region. This article discusses how this system evolved, facing the problems of enlarged enrolment, diversification, and the current problems of reform, as alternatives among… 
The political economy of higher education in the era of neoliberal globalization: Latin America in comparative perspective
During the last two decades, Latin American universities have experienced intense pressure to abandon the main principles established in the 1918 Córdoba Reform (i.e., autonomy and autarchy). While
The Academic Profession in Latin America: Between a Corporatist and a Professional Ethos
This chapter attempts to describe the diversity among the academic profession in Latin America. The paper proposes and develops a typology of academic profiles present in almost all academic systems
Higher Education and Citizenship in Latin America
  • P. Baisotti
  • Education, Political Science
    Handbook of Research on Education for Participative Citizenship and Global Prosperity
  • 2019
In Latin America, public policies were promoted to encourage students to attend university and to create new institutions. However, the resources used for these purposes were scarce, as were those
Research Universities in Latin America: The Challenges of Growth and Institutional Diversity
This essay examines the challenges of institutional diversity in the research mission within public university systems in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico. The end of authoritarian regimes and
Comparative Higher Education Policy Under Nondemocratic Regimes in Argentina and Chile: Similar Paths, Different Policy Choices
  • D. Salto
  • Political Science
    Higher Education Policy
  • 2020
Despite their common historical roots, two higher education systems in Latin America differ dramatically in their financing mechanisms. In Argentina, the national government completely subsidizes
The Latin American University Model and the Challenges Posed by the Reforms: Perspectives from the Academics
This paper analyses the characteristics of the university model sustained by academics in Latin America. According to Bernasconi (Comp Educ Rev 52(1):27–52, 2007, p. 30) the American model of
Constitutional prospects for the implementation of funding and governance reforms in Latin American higher education
The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid‐1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter‐American Development Bank. This
Higher Education in Brazil: Stratification in the Privatization of Enrollment
Abstract This paper focuses on the analysis of how mass inclusion has taken place primarily in the private higher education sector. I present data on the evolution of Brazilian higher education,
Advocacy coalitions in Brazilian higher education: the role of the main stakeholders in shaping the new social contract for Brazilian higher education
This paper explores the dynamics of coalition building that unifies different stakeholders inside the Brazilian policy system related to higher education using the conceptual framework of the
Contesting discourses in higher education curriculum restructuring in South Africa
This article describes effortsfrom the mid-1990s in South Africa to reshapehigher education curricula, and the responsesof universities to a series of policyinitiatives concerned with higher
...
...