Police officers’ perceptions of false allegations of rape

  title={Police officers’ perceptions of false allegations of rape},
  author={Lesley McMillan},
  journal={Journal of Gender Studies},
  pages={21 - 9}
  • L. McMillan
  • Published 2018
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Gender Studies
Abstract The idea that women lie about rape is a long standing rape myth with little or no supporting evidence. Previous research has demonstrated a belief in high levels of false allegations among police officers, despite no evidence to suggest rape is falsely reported more than other crimes. This has implications for complainants’ willingness to report sexual violations, for the treatment of complainants within the justice system, and wider societal understandings about what constitutes rape… Expand
The ‘lottery’ of rape reporting: Secondary victimization and Swedish criminal justice professionals
ABSTRACT Research has established the possibility for rape victim-survivors to experience secondary victimization as a result of encounters with the criminal justice system. However, most of thisExpand
Stereotypes and Adversarial Justice in Rape Trials
The previous two chapters have begun to demonstrate how rape myths and sexual history evidence dismiss survivors as ‘irrational’ or ‘non-credible’. This chapter now seeks to show how wider genderedExpand
Giving voice to the victims of sexual assault: the role of police leadership in organisational change
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate a long-term programme within a police service that sought to transform the policing of adult sexual assault cases through reforming case managementExpand
Unfounded Sexual Assault: Women's Experiences of Not Being Believed by the Police.
This qualitative study explored women's experiences when their sexual assault report was disbelieved by the police, demonstrating that police officers must gain a deeper understanding of trauma and sensitive communication with survivors of sexual assault. Expand
Self-affirmation and False Allegations: The Effects on Responses to Disclosures of Sexual Victimization.
After reading an article about a false accusation, male participants were more likely to blame a victim of childhood sexual abuse and to perceive the abuse as less harmful, compared with female participants, and it was found that self-affirmation was linked with more supportive responses to a disclosure. Expand
False Rape Allegations: Do they Lead to a Wrongful Conviction Following the Indictment of an Innocent Defendant?
Abstract False rape allegations are a serious concern. However, the role of false rape allegations on wrongful convictions is relatively unknown. Here, we examine the impact of false rape allegationsExpand
‘Rape myths’ and a ‘reasonable belief’ of consent R v Lazarus [2017] NSWCCA 279
  • Joseph P. Briggs, Russ Scott
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychiatry, psychology, and law : an interdisciplinary journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association of Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
  • 2020
The reasoning in the decisions regarding rape myths and the justice gap are reviewed and law reform on the issue of consent in rape cases is considered. Expand
Unfounded, Cleared, or Cleared by Exceptional Means: Sexual Assault Case Outcomes From 1999 to 2014
Logistic regression models tested 15 years of reported sexual assault data from one large police department and found that elements that correspond with RMA were predictive of unfounded, cleared, and exceptionally cleared case decisions, providing further indication that officers consider evidentiary but also extralegal factors in decision making. Expand
Gendering Pacification: Policing Women at Anti-fracking Protests
This article seeks to consider the policing of anti-fracking protests at Barton Moss, Salford, from November 2013 to April 2014. We argue that women at Barton Moss were considered by the police to beExpand
False Reporting of Sexual Victimization: Prevalence, Definitions, and Public Perceptions
Despite numerous studies documenting widespread underreporting of sexual assault, there remains an assumption among some individuals that people lie about being sexually assaulted. Overestimation ofExpand


Beyond Belief?
This article reviews issues concerning perceptions of women’s credibility in the context of police responses to sexual assault complainants. It is based on both quantitative and qualitative dataExpand
The (In)credible Words of Women: False Allegations in European Rape Research
  • L. Kelly
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Violence against women
  • 2010
Findings from two European studies on attrition in reported rape cases are drawn on to highlight both the mechanisms and processes which create the category of false allegations, especially the opaque “no crime/unfounded” designations. Expand
Regretting it After? Focus Group Perspectives on Alcohol Consumption, Nonconsensual Sex and False Allegations of Rape
Research indicates that individuals often endorse beliefs that false allegations in rape cases are commonplace and are also reluctant to believe a woman who states she was raped whilst drinkingExpand
Special Issues Raised by Rape Trials
Rape cases reveal core conflicts in the space where evidence, law, and ethics intersect. Such conflicts include the tension between victim protection and the rights of the accused, the challengesExpand
Prevalence and Effects of Rape Myths in Print Journalism
Two studies examine the prevalence and effects of rape myths in the print media covering a real-life case of alleged sexual assault and the implications for victim reporting and reducing sexual assault in general. Expand
PLUS ÇA CHANGE: Reporting Rape in the 1990s
A qualitative study of a group of women whose cases were recorded as rape by the Sussex police between 1991 and 1993 looks at their response to their contact with the police at each phase of the criminal justice process from reporting through to the trial where this occurred. Expand
Worlds Apart? Women, Rape and the Police Reporting Process
During the 1970s and 1980s, in both Britain and New Zealand, mounting criticism was made of the way in which women rape complainants were treated by the police and criminal justice system. InExpand
Rape myth in true and false rape allegations
Abstract Police records of 38 rape allegations, evenly split into maintained-as-true and withdrawn-as-false categories were compared with 19 generated-false statements from recruited participants.Expand
Rape Myths: History, Individual and Institutional-Level Presence, and Implications for Change
Rape myths, which are present at both the individual and institutional/societal levels, are one way in which sexual violence has been sustained and justified throughout history. In light of anExpand
Reporting rape in London: a qualitative study
In the 1980s, in response to public criticism of police handling of rape cases, changes of style and procedure were initiated by the Metropolitan Police. Other forces followed suit. But there hasExpand