Police Officer Schema of Sexual Assault Reports

  title={Police Officer Schema of Sexual Assault Reports},
  author={Rachel M. Venema},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  pages={872 - 899}
While extensive research has studied sexual assault reporting behaviors and described negative experiences with the criminal justice system among victim-survivors, fewer studies have explored police officer attitudes, knowledge, and thought processes that may affect victims’ perceptions of negative interactions and unsatisfactory outcomes within reported sexual assault cases. This study explores police officer understanding of the definition of sexual assault and characteristics that influence… 

Unfounded Sexual Assault: Women’s Experiences of Not Being Believed by the Police

This qualitative study explored women's experiences when their sexual assault report was disbelieved by the police, demonstrating that police officers must gain a deeper understanding of trauma and sensitive communication with survivors of sexual assault.

Beyond Surveys and Scales: How Rape Myths Manifest in Sexual Assault Police Records

Objective: The majority of sexual assault cases reported to police are never prosecuted. Prior literature has suggested rape myths may explain these trends because police are influenced by and draw

Making Judgments: How Blame Mediates the Influence of Rape Myth Acceptance in Police Response to Sexual Assault

Examination of the effect of individual police officer characteristics, rape myth acceptance (RMA), attributions of blame, and case characteristics from a hypothetical vignette, on officer perceptions of a “good” case and behavioral intentions found that although RMA predicts both perceptions of the case and Behavioral intentions to respond in ways indicative of perceived seriousness, RMA is mediated by attribution of suspect blame.

“Victim is Not Credible”: The Influence of Rape Culture on Police Perceptions of Sexual Assault Complainants

Research has long highlighted the importance of complainant credibility in influencing sexual assault (SA) case outcomes. Despite these findings, few studies have investigated the police decision to

Police Perceptions of Sex-worker Rape Victims and Their Offenders: A Vignette Study

  • Liza Zvi
  • Law, Psychology
    Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2021
Male officers were more biased than female officers in blame attributions toward the offender, manifested in lower levels of blaming as well as in supporting more lenient sanctions, and specifically when the victim was a sex worker.

Sexual assault: women’s voices on the health impacts of not being believed by police

The findings showed that not being believed by police resulted in additional mental and social burdens beyond that of the sexual assault, leading to the use taking of alcohol and/or drugs as a coping strategy.

A Qualitative Study Of Sexual Assault Survivors’ Post-Assault Legal System Experiences

The findings suggest that survivors and SPs consider the perceived strength of their case, perceptions of police, and the possibility of institutional bias when deciding to report the assault to the police.

Police Perceptions of Crime Victim Behaviors: A Trend Analysis Exploring Mandatory Training and Knowledge of Sexual and Domestic Violence Survivors’ Trauma Responses

Police perceptions of a victim’s self-presentation style can have an impact on secondary victimization, case processing, and public safety. Trauma survivors may present to police with flat or

It All Just Piles Up: Challenges to Victim Credibility Accumulate to Influence Sexual Assault Case Processing

The extent to which the effects of potential challenges to victim credibility, based on victim characteristics and behaviors, influence the arrest decision is examined, and next, how these predictors vary across circumstances is examined.

Police Officers' Rape Myth Acceptance: Examining the Role of Officer Characteristics, Estimates of False Reporting, and Social Desirability Bias.

Examination of police officers' perceptions of sexual assault and those who report sexual assault to the police, using a revised version of the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale along with a measure of social desirability bias, shows low to moderate levels of rape myth acceptance scores, with highest scores related to victim lying.



Police Responses to Sexual Assault Complaints: The Role of Perpetrator/Complainant Intoxication

Results indicated that the officers' perceptions of the complainant's intoxication level, as well as the gender of the officer, influenced officers' evaluations of the alleged sexual assault, and the more intoxicated the complainant was perceived to be, the more negatively she was viewed.

A Survey of Police Officers’ and Prosecutors’ Beliefs About Crime Victim Behaviors

  • K. Ask
  • Psychology, Law
    Journal of interpersonal violence
  • 2010
There were considerable differences in the expected behavioral display of different types of crime victims, with rape and domestic assault victims seen as particularly prone to expressive self-presentation and self-blame.

Improving Police Officers’ Perceptions of Sexual Offending Through Intensive Training

Confidence in case authorization increased from pre- to posttraining, whilst perception of victim “responsibility” decreased, and pattern of results support that the attitude change was due to greater understanding of the dynamics of sexual offending.

Gender Difference or Indifference? Detective Decision Making in Sexual Assault Cases

The findings support prior research that suggests female practitioners may not necessarily be more sensitive toward female victims despite previous assumptions that this would hold true and suggest that efforts to hire female police officers for the purposes of dealing with female-related victimization may ultimately undermine efforts to improve victim experiences with the criminal justice system.

Police Officers' Perceptions of Rape

This study examined how police officers (N = 91) define rape. In the past decade, most states have dramatically reformed their rape laws, shifting the emphasis from the behavior of the victim to that

What factors predict women's disclosure of sexual assault to mental health professionals?

Although many sexual assault survivors seek support from mental health sources for adverse psychological symptoms due to sexual assault, many do not. A diverse sample of adult sexual assault

Gateway to Reform? Policy Implications of Police Officers' Attitudes toward Rape

Research has shown that prosecutors rely more heavily on victim characteristics and other extralegal factors than on criteria set forth by the law, when evaluating the merits of a rape case. Little


Despite recent reforms internationally, significant criticism has been levelled at police departments regarding their service delivery to crime victims, and particularly for the disbelieving and

Women’s Reporting of Sexual and Physical Assaults to Police in the National Violence Against Women Survey

Overall, results suggested that there was similarity in reporting decisions between rapes and physical assaults in terms of main effects, however, interactions suggested that age, marital status, and physical force each influenced reporting differently by assault type.

The Role of “Real Rape” and “Real Victim” Stereotypes in the Police Reporting Practices of Sexually Assaulted Women

A positive association was found between reporting a sexual assault to the police and two overtly violent components of the “real rape” myth: the use of physical force and the occurrence of physical injury.