Police–Community Relations in a Majority-Black City

  title={Police–Community Relations in a Majority-Black City},
  author={Ronald Weitzer and Steven A. Tuch and Wesley G. Skogan},
  journal={Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency},
  pages={398 - 428}
Minority racial and ethnic groups often view themselves as targets of abusive treatment at the hands of the police. Although racial variation in public assessments of the police in the United States has been amply documented in past research, less research has explored the sources of these differences at the intersection of demographic, interactional, and ecological levels. This article examines the role of each factor in shaping citizens' perceptions of police misconduct, racial differences in… 
Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Differences in Perceptions of the Police
Prior research has consistently demonstrated the salience of minority status in understanding racial and ethnic differences in perceptions of the police. This research has overwhelmingly shown that
Policing Different Racial Groups in the United States
This essay presents a set of findings from the authors’ empirical studies of police relations with different racial and ethnic groups in the United States. The findings pertain to the role of race
Minority representation in policing and racial profiling: A test of representative bureaucracy vs community context
Purpose Increasing minority representation in law enforcement has long been viewed as a primary means to improve police-citizen relations. The recommendation to diversify police departments
Racial Disparities in Police Stops in Kingston, Ontario: Democratic Racism and Canadian Racial Profiling in Theoretical Perspective
This study takes a quantitative and qualitative approach to examine police stops in an Ontario city. The author finds that Black residents were over stopped by police, and the over stopping may not
Race, Immigration, and Policing: Chinese Immigrants’ Satisfaction with Police
A considerable body of research focuses on racial and ethnic minorities’ perceptions of police, yet non-Black, non-Hispanic minority groups, Asians in particular, are largely overlooked. Meanwhile,
Hispanics’ perceived procedural justice, legitimacy, and willingness to cooperate with the police
Abstract While some research has examined differences in perceptions of police among minorities and Whites, most of this research has focused on race rather than ethnicity. The dearth of research on
Race and attitudes toward police: the mediating effect of social distance
Purpose – Given the consistent finding in the literature that members of minority groups hold less favorable views of the police than white citizens, social distance may be an important, yet
The influence of community norms on black officers’ decision-making in a large municipal police department in a majority minority United States city: a quasi-experiment
Abstract For decades, scholars have called for and investigated the effects of representative bureaucracy, with some scholars explaining that common lived experiences, or “subject positions” between
Perceptions of African American Police Officers on Racial Profiling in Small Agencies
Most assessments of the impact and effects of biased-based policing have been reviewed from the aspect of officer-citizen interaction during traffic stops, with the majority of studies focusing on
Understanding the Racial Nature of Police and Immigrant Relations In Finland. The Case of Africans in Turku
The focus of this study is to examine the role of police and immigrants’ relations, as less is known about this process in the country. The studies were approached in two different ways. Firstly, an


Young Black Men and Urban Policing in the United States
People of colour living in disadvantaged urban communities have been shown to be the disproportionate recipients of both proactive policing strategies and various forms of police misconduct. As a
Racialized Policing: Residents' Perceptions in Three Neighborhoods
One of the most controversial issues in policing concerns allegations of racial bias. This article examines citizens' perceptions of racialized policing in three neighborhoods in Washington, D.C.,
Black Cities/White Cities: Evaluating the Police
It is well known that African Americans and whites hold different views of the police, but nearly all of the previous research has been conducted in majority white settings. This research examines
Race, Neighbourhood Context and Perceptions of Injustice by the Police in Cincinnati
Research has long identified racial differences in perceptions of criminal injustice. Given that race is confounded with neighbourhood context, it remains unclear the extent to which individual or
African American and White perceptions of police services: Within- and between-group variation
Abstract Existing research on attitudes toward the police identified demographic variables predicting citizen satisfaction with police services and performance. Common themes in this literature were
White, black, or blue cops? Race and citizen assessments of police officers
Abstract Contemporary public policy presupposes that police officers should be racially representative of the areas in which they work in order to foster good police-community relations. This article
Considers the impact of a range of variables on confidence in the police, including those given little or no previous attention, e.g. measures of crime experience and of conservative political
Citizen Perceptions of Police Services: Race, Neighborhood Context, and Community Policing
Studies considering perceptions of the police have traditionally focused on very broad outcome measures (e.g., global views of the police). In an era of community policing, it is imperative to
The Determinants of Deadly Force: A Structural Analysis of Police Violence1
Political or threat explanations for the state's use of internal violence suggest that killings committed by the police should be greatest in stratified jurisdictions with more minorities. Additional
Neighborhood Context and Police Use of Force
Explanations of police coercion have been traditionally embedded within sociological, psychological, and organizational theoretical frameworks. Largely absent from the research are examinations