Polarization without Parties

@article{Masket2015PolarizationWP,
  title={Polarization without Parties},
  author={Seth Masket and Boris Shor},
  journal={State Politics \& Policy Quarterly},
  year={2015},
  volume={15},
  pages={67 - 90}
}
  • S. Masket, B. Shor
  • Published 29 December 2014
  • Political Science
  • State Politics & Policy Quarterly
Despite a long history of nonpartisanship, the Nebraska state legislature has polarized rapidly within the past decade. Using interviews and campaign finance records, we examine politics in the modern Unicam to investigate nonpartisan polarization. We find that newly instituted term limits created opportunities for the state’s political parties to recruit and finance candidates in an increasingly partisan fashion. Social network analysis suggests that there is a growing level of structure to… 
Parties as an organizational force on nonpartisan city councils
Canonical models of urban politics have often treated political parties as clientelistic patrons rather than ideological entities. I argue that parties play an important role in organizing local
Party Competition and Coalitional Stability: Evidence from American Local Government
For decades, political scientists have argued that competition is a fundamental component of a responsible party system, such that when one party dominates politics, legislative coalitions
Party Splits, Not Progressives
The choice of proportional representation (PR) is rarely included in work on American local politics. Yet we have long known that 24 cities adopted the single transferable vote form of PR from 1915
Governors and Partisan Polarization in the Federal Arena
Governors have always had to balance state interests with political party interests. However, governors’ role in the federal arena, which historically has had a significant bipartisan element, has
The Rule, Not the Exception: One-Party Monopolies in the American States
Thousands of studies have examined party competition in the American states, finding significant consequences for voter turnout, policy adoptions, and more. Long-term patterns of party control have
Explaining State Preemption of Local Laws: Political, Institutional, and Demographic Factors
Despite increasing popular and media attention to the preemption of local policymaking by state governments, the empirical political science literature on preemption remains relatively scarce.
Mapping Influence: Partisan Networks across the United States, 2000 to 2016
  • K. Reuning
  • Political Science
    State Politics & Policy Quarterly
  • 2020
The parties as networks approach has become a critical component of understanding American political parties. Research on it has so far mainly focused on variation in the placement of candidates
Policy Feedback and the Polarization of Interest Groups
Abstract We use the case of education interest groups to examine how and when policy changes lead interest groups to polarize in their support for political parties. Using over 145,000 campaign
Finally, Nebraska: A Synthetic Control Analysis of Legislative Structure
I estimate the impact of Nebraska's 1937 switch from a bicameral to a unicameral legislature on state-level government spending. Using the synthetic control method I create a counterfactual Nebraska
A Direct Test of Legislative Gatekeeping
  • S. Thieme
  • Economics
    SSRN Electronic Journal
  • 2019
Tests of legislative gatekeeping theories have been hampered by the absence of status quo estimates, making these tests vulnerable to selection bias. I overcome this problem with a novel data set on
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
The Circus That Wasn’t
  • S. Masket
  • History
    State Politics & Policy Quarterly
  • 2011
Contrary to media reports, California’s 2003 recall election was anything but a circus. Despite the presence of 135 candidates, just 3 managed to split 94% of the vote, and the winner came close to
A Theory of Political Parties: Groups, Policy Demands and Nominations in American Politics
We propose a theory of political parties in which interest groups and activists are the key actors, and coalitions of groups develop common agendas and screen candidates for party nominations based
A Primary Cause of Partisanship? Nomination Systems and Legislator Ideology
Many theoretical and empirical accounts of representation argue that primary elections are a polarizing influence. Likewise, many reformers advocate opening party nominations to nonmembers as a way
No Middle Ground: How Informal Party Organizations Control Nominations and Polarize Legislatures
The new political machines fuel partisanship by supporting only candidates who follow the party's agenda. Despite concerns about the debilitating effects of partisanship on democratic government, in
The Influence of Party: Evidence from the State Legislatures
American legislative studies in recent years have been occupied to a large degree with the question of the effects of political parties on the policy behavior of elected legislators, with most of the
Institutional Change in American Politics: The Case of Term Limits
This is the first comprehensive look at the long-term effect of the 1990s wave of term limits legislation. The term limits adopted in the 1990s are in effect in fifteen states today, and together
The Party Decides: Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform
Throughout the contest for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination, politicians and voters alike worried that the outcome might depend on the preferences of unelected superdelegates. This concern
Primary Election Systems and Representation
We examine how differences in the institutions that regulate candidate nomination procedures, specifically direct primary election laws, affect the types of candidates elected in nonpresidential
Assessing the Consequences of Electoral Democracy Subnational Legislative Change in Mexico
Recent research has taught much about the dynamics of democratic transition and consolidation.1 Yet important questions about regime change remain unanswered. Most notably, what are the consequences
...
1
2
3
4
5
...