Polarization lidar measurements of honey bees in flight for locating land mines.

@article{Shaw2005PolarizationLM,
  title={Polarization lidar measurements of honey bees in flight for locating land mines.},
  author={Joseph J. Shaw and Nathan L. Seldomridge and Dustin Dunkle and Paul Nugent and Lee H. Spangler and Jerry J. Bromenshenk and Colin Henderson and James H. Churnside and James Wilson},
  journal={Optics express},
  year={2005},
  volume={13 15},
  pages={5853-63}
}
A scanning polarized lidar was used to detect flying honey bees trained to locate buried land mines through odor detection. A lidar map of bee density shows good correlation with maps of chemical plume strength and bee density determined by visual and video counts. The co-polarized lidar backscatter signal was found to be more effective than the crosspolarized signal for detecting honey bees in flight. Laboratory measurements show that the depolarization ratio of scattered light is near zero… CONTINUE READING
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