Polar question particles: Hindi-Urdu kya:

@article{Bhatt2020PolarQP,
  title={Polar question particles: Hindi-Urdu kya:},
  author={Rajesh Bhatt and Veneeta Dayal},
  journal={Natural Language and Linguistic Theory},
  year={2020},
  volume={38},
  pages={1115-1144}
}
We distinguish between two types of interrogative particles, (regular) question particles and polar question particles. The first, canonically exemplified by Japanese -ka, occurs in all interrogatives, in matrix as well as embedded contexts. The second, the object of the present study, is exemplified by the Hindi-Urdu particle kya:. Polar kya: occurs in polar questions but not in wh questions, and it occurs optionally in matrix questions but only in a restricted way in embedded questions. We… 

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