Polar Poisons: Did Botulism Doom the Franklin Expedition?

  title={Polar Poisons: Did Botulism Doom the Franklin Expedition?},
  author={B. Horowitz},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology},
  pages={841 - 847}
  • B. Horowitz
  • Published 2003
  • Engineering, Medicine
  • Journal of Toxicology: Clinical Toxicology
Abstract In 1845 the Franklin expedition left London with 2 ships and 134 men on board in an attempt to find the route through the Northwest Passage. The ships were built with state‐of‐the‐art technology for their day, but provisioned with supplies from the lowest bidder. After taking on fresh provisions in the Whalefish Islands, off the coast of Greenland, the entire crew was never heard from again. Graves found on remote Beechey Island indicate that three able‐bodied seamen died during the… Expand
Death in the Arctic – the tragic fate of members of the Franklin expedition (1845)
  • R. Byard
  • Medicine, History
  • Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology
  • 2020
In May 1845 HMS Terror and HMS Erebus left England to find the Northwest Passage linking the north Atlantic and Pacific Oceans but despite these modern additions neither the vessels nor any of the 129 crew members would ever return. Expand
Scurvy as a factor in the loss of the 1845 Franklin expedition to the Arctic: a reconsideration
In 1845, an expedition, commanded by Sir John Franklin, set out to discover the Northwest Passage. The ships entered the Canadian Arctic, and from September 1846 were beset in ice off King WilliamExpand
Use your best endeavours to discover a sheltered and safe harbour
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On the basis of the squadrons’ patterns of illness it was concluded that Franklin's crews would have suffered common respiratory and gastro-intestinal disorders, injuries and exposure and that deaths might have occurred from respiratory, cardiovascular and tubercular conditions. Expand
Exploration at the Edge: Reassessing the Fate of Sir John Franklin's Last Arctic Expedition
Few historical figures can claim to have had so many of the Earth's topographical features named after them as Sir John Franklin. Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin may dominate the place namesExpand
From precocious fame to mature obscurity: David Walker (1837–1917) MD, LRCSI, surgeon and naturalist to the Fox Arctic Expedition of 1857–59
His adventurous life, including the Fox Expedition, which from 1862 was spent abroad and included time in the Cariboo gold fields, service in the United States Army, practice in a notorious Californian frontier town and, in later life, the comparative quiet of general and occupational medical practice in Portland, Oregon. Expand
A Critical Assessment of the Oral Condition of the Crew of the Franklin Expedition + Supplementary Appendix 1 (See Article Tools)
Little is known about the fate of the crew of the Franklin expedition after they sailed from England in 1845. Scant physical evidence and limited Inuit testimony have fueled speculation that the crewExpand
A Case Study: Was Private William Braine of the 1845 Franklin Expedition a Victim of Tuberculosis? + Supplementary Appendix 1 (See Article Tools)
The Franklin expedition set sail in 1845 in search of the Northwest Passage through the Canadian Arctic. During the first winter in the Arctic, three crewmen died of unknown causes. In the 1980s, Dr.Expand
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ABSTRACT A group of 17 Norwegian sealers died in Svenskhuset, the Swedish House at Kapp Thordsen, Spitsbergen during the winter and spring of 1872–1873. The Swedish House was built by a miningExpand
Hartnell's time machine: 170-year-old nails reveal severe zinc deficiency played a greater role than lead in the demise of the Franklin Expedition
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Ice Blink: The Tragic Fate of Sir John Franklin's Lost Polar Expedition
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The Final Days of the Franklin Expedition: New Skeletal Evidence
Mass spectroscopy and x-ray fluorescence revealed elevated lead levels consistent with previous measurements, further supporting the conclusion that lead poisoning contributed to the demise of the expedition. Expand
Human botulism in Canada (1919-1973).
  • C. Dolman
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Canadian Medical Association journal
  • 1974
Since 1919, in Canada, 62 authenticated outbreaks of human botulism have affected 181 persons, with 83 deaths, a fatality rate of 46%, and outbreaks were bacteriologically determined as six type A, four type B, one both A and B, and 30 type E. Expand
Food-borne botulism in Canada, 1971-84.
  • A. Hauschild, L. Gauvreau
  • Medicine
  • CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 1985
Rened educational efforts combined with a comprehensive immunization program would significantly improve the control of botulism in high-risk populations. Expand
Source identification of lead found in tissues of sailors from the Franklin Arctic Expedition of 1845
Abstract Atomic absorption analysis of recently discovered human remains from a 19 century British Arctic expedition indicates lead levels consistent with lead intoxication. Levels up to 30 timesExpand
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Botulism among Alaska Natives. The role of changing food preparation and consumption practices.
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Botulism among Alaska natives in the Bristol Bay area of southwest Alaska: a survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to fermented foods known to cause botulism.
Despite high awareness of botulism in this population, one-third of fermented food preparers use plastic containers, a practice which may increase the risk ofBotulism. Expand
Endemic food-borne botulism: clinical experience, 1973-1986 at Alaska Native Medical Center.
The short course of respiratory failure suggests that toxin effect is unusually ephemeral with a mean intubation interval of only 8.6 days, andRapid recovery of strength without relapsing respiratory failure followed extubation, and empirical antibiotic use to eliminate persistent C. botulinum was associated with unacceptably high nosocomial infection rates. Expand