Poland: A Case of Top-Down Polarization

  title={Poland: A Case of Top-Down Polarization},
  author={Hubert Tworzecki},
  journal={The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science},
  pages={119 - 97}
  • Hubert Tworzecki
  • Published 2019
  • Political Science
  • The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Poland represents a surprising case of democratic backsliding since the return to power of the PiS party in 2015, given that positive conditions associated with democracy are present—consistent strong per capita economic growth since 1989, moderate inequality, rising wages, strong preference for democracy, high levels of happiness, and a parliamentary system with proportional representation. The lack of strong underlying cleavages indicates the polarization was not bottom up. Instead, this… Expand
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