Field and observer perspectives in autobiographical memory
Events of the personal past may be remembered from two points of view. One is from a first-person or field perspective, such that people relive the events through their own eyes, as if they were…
Field and observer viewpoint in remember-know memories of personal childhood events
This experiment examined the viewpoint and other phenomenal characteristics of childhood memories based on both personal recollections and self-knowledge and found remembered events received the highest ratings for sensory and contextual detail, emotional content, and memory accuracy, while known-about events were given the lowest ratings.
Field and observer modes of remembering.
Two studies provide further evidence that remembering is more than retrieval: the information that enters awareness is determined by the information sources in memory and the organisational scheme adopted for recollection, and ability to change the initially reported perspective.
Category-specific enhancement of retrieval due to field perspective
Two experiments examined the influence of memory perspective on objective memory performance and found that recall was significantly higher when a field perspective was adopted than when an observer perspectives was adopted.
Effect of Memory Perspective on Retrospective Causal Attributions
Two studies examined whether people's retrospective causal attributions might be mediated by the visual perspective from which events are recalled. In Study 1, pairs of Ss participated in…
Effect of memory perspective on retrospective causal attributions.
- PsychologyJournal of personality and social psychology
The results suggest that the different perspectives from which events can be recalled function much like the divergent visual perspectives available to actors and observers in immediate, everyday experience.
Observer perspective and acentred memory: some puzzles about point of view in personal memory
Sometimes I remember my past experiences from an ‘observer’ perspective, seeing myself in the remembered scene. This paper analyses the distinction in personal memory between such external observer…
Visual Perspectives in Episodic Memory and the Sense of Self
- Psychology, PhilosophyFront. Psychol.
It is argued that observer-perspective remembering is a stable state of consciousness that is distinct from autoscopic phenomena with respect to the dimensions of minimal phenomenal self (MPS).
Are observer memories (accurate) memories? Insights from experimental philosophy
- PsychologyConsciousness and Cognition
Construction, Preservation, and the Presence of Self in Observer Memory
Observer memories involve a representation of the self in the memory image, which is presented from a detached or external point of view. That such an image is an obvious departure from how one…
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Does a Story Understander Need a Point of View?
At the Carbonell Memorial Conference in 1974, there was a good deal of informal discussion of the use by people of analogue simulations in knowledge retrieval or question-answering. We asked each…
Reconstruction of automobile destruction: An example of the interaction between language and memory
A serial position effect in recall of United States presidents
College students asked to recall the names of all the presidents of the United States, either in their order of occurrence or in any order, produce a classical serial position curve with best…
The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception
Contents: Preface. Introduction. Part I: The Environment To Be Perceived.The Animal And The Environment. Medium, Substances, Surfaces. The Meaningful Environment. Part II: The Information For Visual…
Analysis of individual differences in multidimensional scaling via an n-way generalization of “Eckart-Young” decomposition
An individual differences model for multidimensional scaling is outlined in which individuals are assumed differentially to weight the several dimensions of a common “psychological space”. A…
Value change and the recall of earlier values
Several laboratory experiments have shown that when people change their opinions they tend to distort their initial positions so as to make them consistent with their final positions. The present…
The analysis of proximities: Multidimensional scaling with an unknown distance function. II
- Computer Science
The results of two kinds of test applications of a computer program for multidimensional scaling on the basis of essentially nonmetric data are reported to measures of interstimulus similarity and confusability obtained from some actual psychological experiments.