Point mutations in the aromatic/arginine region in aquaporin 1 allow passage of urea, glycerol, ammonia, and protons.

Abstract

Water-specific aquaporins (AQP), such as the prototypical mammalian AQP1, stringently exclude the passage of solutes, ions, and even protons. Supposedly, this is accomplished by two conserved regions within the pore, a pair of canonical asparagine-proline-alanine (NPA) motifs, the central constriction, and an aromatic/arginine (ar/R) constriction, the outer… (More)

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