PneUI: pneumatically actuated soft composite materials for shape changing interfaces

@article{Yao2013PneUIPA,
  title={PneUI: pneumatically actuated soft composite materials for shape changing interfaces},
  author={Lining Yao and Ryuma Niiyama and Jifei Ou and Sean Follmer and Clark Della Silva and Hiroshi Ishii},
  journal={Proceedings of the 26th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology},
  year={2013}
}
  • Lining Yao, Ryuma Niiyama, H. Ishii
  • Published 8 October 2013
  • Engineering
  • Proceedings of the 26th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology
This paper presents PneUI, an enabling technology to build shape-changing interfaces through pneumatically-actuated soft composite materials. The composite materials integrate the capabilities of both input sensing and active shape output. This is enabled by the composites' multi-layer structures with different mechanical or electrical properties. The shape changing states are computationally controllable through pneumatics and pre-defined structure. We explore the design space of PneUI through… 
Electriflow: Soft Electrohydraulic Building Blocks for Prototyping Shape-changing Interfaces
TLDR
The materials and mechanisms of Electriflow, a new class of soft electrohydraulic actuators as building blocks for prototyping shape-changing interfaces, as well as the underlying fabrication process, which includes a software tool that assists in their design, shape visualization and construction.
Soft Electrohydraulic Actuators for Origami Inspired Shape-Changing Interfaces
TLDR
Electrohydraulic actuators for origami inspired shape-changing interfaces, which are capable of producing sharp hinge-like bends, are presented and how this work opens avenues for other possible applications in Human Computer Interaction (HCI) is discussed.
Material transformation designing shape changing interfaces enabled by programmable material anisotropy
  • Jifei Ou
  • Materials Science, Engineering
  • 2014
TLDR
This thesis takes a material perspective on designing transformable interfaces by partially offload the shape-changing control from actuators to the material itself (analogue), in order to achieve expressive transformations that current modularized actuation system cannot easily provide.
3D Printing Pneumatic Device Controls with Variable Activation Force Capabilities
TLDR
3D printing physical controls whose tactile response can be manipulated programmatically through pneumatic actuation are explored, which includes conventional controls, such as buttons, knobs and sliders, but also extends to domains such as toys and deformable interfaces.
Rapid Prototyping of Pneumatically Actuated Inflatable Structures
TLDR
This poster proposes a scheme for rapid prototyping and pneumatically actuating piecewise multi-chambered inflatables, using balloons as the authors' building blocks, and provides a construction kit containing pneumatic control boards, pNEumatic components, and balloons for constructing simple actuated balloon models.
MorphIO: Entirely Soft Sensing and Actuation Modules for Programming Shape Changes through Tangible Interaction
TLDR
This work introduces MorphIO, entirely soft sensing and actuation modules for programming by demonstration of soft robots and shape-changing interfaces, and demonstrates several application scenarios, including tangible character animation, locomotion experiment of a soft robot, and prototyping tools for animated soft objects.
Digital Fabrication of Soft Actuated Objects by Machine Knitting
TLDR
This work explores a series of design strategies for machine knitting actuated soft objects by integrating tendons with shaping and anisotropic texture design.
aeroMorph - Heat-sealing Inflatable Shape-change Materials for Interaction Design
TLDR
A bending mechanism that creates multiple, programmable shape-changing behaviors with inextensible materials, including paper, plastics and fabrics is introduced and a software tool is developed that generates these bending mechanism for a given geometry, simulates its transformation, and exports the compound geometry as digital fabrication files.
Environmental Insulation of 3D Printable Origamic Soft Actuators
  • Yaoxin Guo, Xiaojiao Chen, Z. Wang
  • Engineering, Materials Science
    2019 IEEE 9th Annual International Conference on CYBER Technology in Automation, Control, and Intelligent Systems (CYBER)
  • 2019
TLDR
This work designed an origamic soft actuator with promising mechanical properties and proposed a versatile approach to acquire various combined properties on this kind of actuator without complex manufacturing and redesign process.
xSlate: A Stiffness-Controlled Surface for Shape-Changing Interfaces
TLDR
A new system called xSlate, a stiffness controlled surface for shape changing interfaces enabled by a deformable frame structure that consists of linear actuators, and an elastic skin surface that can configure its stiffness by pneumatic jamming is proposed.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Elastomeric Origami: Programmable Paper‐Elastomer Composites as Pneumatic Actuators
The development of soft pneumatic actuators based on composites consisting of elastomers with embedded sheet or fiber structures (e.g., paper or fabric) that are flexible but not extensible is
Sensing through structure: designing soft silicone sensors
TLDR
A construction method of layering electronics between silicone pours to easily create sensors for arbitrary combinations of these deformations to design complex, durable sensors in easily manufacturable ways.
Shape-changing interfaces
TLDR
This paper provides a survey of shape-changing materials and their primary dynamic properties, defines the concept of soft mechanics within an HCI context, and describes a soft mechanical alphabet that provides the kinetic foundation for the design of four design probes: Surflex, SpeakCup, Sprout I/O, and Shutters.
Wearable tactile keypad with stretchable artificial skin
TLDR
A hyperelastic, thin, transparent pressure sensitive keypad is fabricated by embedding a silicone rubber film with conductive liquid-filled microchannels, allowing the user to write any combination of alphabetic letters.
Soft robotics for chemists.
TLDR
This work aims to expand the methods and materials of chemistry and soft-materials science into applications in fully soft robots, and permits solutions of problems in manipulation, locomotion, and navigation, that are different from those used in conventional hard robotics.
Soft curvature sensors for joint angle proprioception
TLDR
This sensor is soft (elastic modulus E ∼ 1 MPa) and stretchable and conforms to the host bending without interfering with the natural mechanics of motion and represents the first use of liquid-embedded elastomer electronics to monitor human or robotic motion.
Multigait soft robot
TLDR
This manuscript describes a unique class of locomotive robot, composed exclusively of soft materials (elastomeric polymers), which is inspired by animals that do not have hard internal skeletons, and illustrates an advantage of soft robotics.
Hyperelastic pressure sensing with a liquid-embedded elastomer
A hyperelastic pressure transducer is fabricated by embedding silicone rubber with microchannels of conductive liquid eutectic gallium–indium. Pressing the surface of the elastomer with pressures in
Programmable matter by folding
TLDR
This paper considers achieving programmable sheets that can form themselves in different shapes autonomously by folding, and has developed a scalable end-to-end planning and fabrication process.
Morphees: toward high "shape resolution" in self-actuated flexible mobile devices
TLDR
A framework, based on a geometric model (Non-Uniform Rational B-splines), which defines a metric for shape resolution in ten features is proposed, which creates preliminary prototypes of Morphees that are self-actuated flexible mobile devices adapting their shapes on their own to the context of use in order to offer better affordances.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...