Pluronic F-127 Stabilised Docetaxel Nanocrystals Improve Apoptosis by Mitochondrial Depolarization in Breast Cancer Cells: Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity Assessment.

Abstract

Docetaxel (DTX) is favoured option for breast cancer treatment; however its marketed formulation (Taxotere) generates therapeutic response at the cost of undue toxicity. In order to circumvent such limitations, DTX nanocrystals (DTX-NCs) were prepared through high pressure homogenization (HPH) technique using pluronic F-127 (PF-127) as a stabilizer. DTX-NCs presented higher efficacy against MCF-7 breast cancer cells with exposition of 1.75 and 2.13 fold lower inhibitory concentration (IC50) compared to free drug and Taxotere, respectively. DTX-NCs enhanced the DTX induce G2-M arrest by 1.24 and 1.79 fold compared to Taxotere and free DTX whereas highest apoptotic population (54.79%) of MCF-7 cells was also observed when cells were incubated with DTX-NCs for 24 h in comparison to free DTX (9.69%) and Taxotere (12.55%). The claims of improvement were substantiated by investigating the modulation in apoptotic mechanism induced by the subtle physical state variation of DTX in DTX-NCs. Results revealed that DTX-NCs induced apoptosis was linked to altered mitochondrial membrane potential. DTX-NCs caused highest (39.53%) depolarization of mitochondria compared to free DTX (9.34%) and Taxotere (18.72%). Further, safety of DTX-NCs was ascertained via haemolytic testing and in-vivo toxicity studies in mice. Developed formulation exhibited acceptable haemolytic potential which suggested its suitability towards parenteral administration. Moreover, in-vivo acute toxicity studies demonstrated that the developed NCs were safer than marketed Taxotere. These results elicit that DTX-NCs would be a viable alternative to commercial formulation for treatment of breast cancer.

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@article{Pawar2015PluronicFS, title={Pluronic F-127 Stabilised Docetaxel Nanocrystals Improve Apoptosis by Mitochondrial Depolarization in Breast Cancer Cells: Pharmacokinetics and Toxicity Assessment.}, author={Vivek Pawar and Siddharth Gupta and Y. Singh and Jaya Gopal Meher and Komal Sharma and Pankaj Kumar Singh and Annie Gupta and Himangshu Kousik Bora and Mohini Chaurasia and Manish K Chourasia}, journal={Journal of biomedical nanotechnology}, year={2015}, volume={11 10}, pages={1747-63} }