Plural Medicine, Tradition and Modernity, 1800-2000

@inproceedings{Ernst2002PluralMT,
  title={Plural Medicine, Tradition and Modernity, 1800-2000},
  author={Waltraud Ernst},
  year={2002}
}
  • W. Ernst
  • Published 1 November 2002
  • History
Research into 'colonial' or 'imperial' medicine has made considerable progress in recent years, whilst the study of what is usually referred to as 'indigenous' or 'folk' medicine in colonized societies has received much less attention. This book redresses the balance by bringing together current critical research into medical pluralism during the last two centuries. It includes a rich selection of historical, anthropological and sociological case-studies that cover many different parts of the… 
Vernacular Medicine in Colonial India
Conceptualised in opposition to 'orthodox' medicine, homoeopathy, a western medical project originating in eighteenth-century Germany, was reconstituted as vernacular medicine in British Bengal.
Colonial Psychiatry, Magic and Religion. The Case of Mesmerism in British India
  • W. Ernst
  • Medicine
    History of psychiatry
  • 2004
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The case of mesmerism shows that awareness both of the domineering power of a gradually emerging medical ‘imagined’ mainstream and an analysis of the complex challenges faced by heterodoxy facilitate a more critical understanding of the development of colonial medicine and psychiatry in the East as well as, arguably, of medicine and Psychiatry in Britain itself.
Popular Medicine and Empirics in Greece, 1900–1950: An Oral History Approach
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It is argued that both the protection offered by their localities to resident popular Healers and the healers’ lack of demand for monetary payment were jointly responsible for the lack of prosecutions of popular healers.
Medical Culture in Transition: Mughal Gentleman Physician and the Native Doctor in Early Colonial India
  • S. Alavi
  • History
    Modern Asian Studies
  • 2008
Abstract The essay explores a Greco-Arabic healing tradition that arrived in India with the Muslims and evolved with the expansion of the Mughal Empire. It came to be known as unani in the
Crossing the Boundaries of ‘Colonial Psychiatry’. Reflections on the Development of Psychiatry in British India, c. 1870–1940
  • W. Ernst
  • History
    Culture, medicine and psychiatry
  • 2011
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It is suggested here that reference to ‘colonial’ medicine and psychiatry tends to reify the ideology of colonialism and neglect other important dimensions such as the role of international scientific networks and the mental hospital as the locus of care and medicalization.
Medical Pluralism, Mainstream Marginality or Subaltern Therapeutics? Globalisation and the Integration of ‘Asian’ Medicines and Biomedicine in the UK
TLDR
By drawing on post-colonial thinking, the paper suggests how the authors might differently theorise and research the appropriation, alteration and reimagining of ‘Asian’ therapeutic knowledges in the UK.
Debating Scientific Medicine: Homoeopathy and Allopathy in Late Nineteenth-century Medical Print in Bengal1
TLDR
It is argued that the idea of an ‘orthodox’, ‘mainstream’ named allopathy and one of its ‘alternatives’ homoeopathy were co-produced in Bengal, and the role of the supposed ‘fringe’ in identifying and organising the ‘ orthodoxy’ of the time is emphasised.
Herbal Medicine in Nineteenth Century England: the Career of John Skelton
TLDR
This account shows that John Skelton was a secularist in the 1840s, but later became a Christian without losing his commitment to democratic values.
Patterns of Medical Culture in Colonial Bengal, 1835-1880
  • C. Hochmuth
  • Medicine
    Bulletin of the history of medicine
  • 2006
TLDR
This paper examines the context of education in scientific medicine through a number of medical texts written by indigenous authors; it also analyzes the in-patient and out-patient work of indigenous practitioners in government dispensaries by means of yearly dispensary reports.
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