Pleural effusion causing cardiac tamponade: report of two cases and review of the literature.

@article{Kopterides2006PleuralEC,
  title={Pleural effusion causing cardiac tamponade: report of two cases and review of the literature.},
  author={Petros Kopterides and Michalis Lignos and Spyros Papanikolaou and Evangelos D Papadomichelakis and Spyros D Mentzelopoulos and Apostolos Armaganidis and Fotios Panou},
  journal={Heart & lung : the journal of critical care},
  year={2006},
  volume={35 1},
  pages={66-7}
}
We report on two patients who developed large left-sided pleural effusions in association with hemodynamic compromise. In both cases transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated left ventricular diastolic collapse confirming our clinical suspicion of cardiac tamponade. Large-volume thoracentesis in the first case and thoracotomy with drainage of the pleural collection in the second case resulted in immediate hemodynamic improvement. Our report shows that large pleural effusions can result in… CONTINUE READING