Pleural effusion: diagnosis, treatment, and management

@article{Karkhanis2012PleuralED,
  title={Pleural effusion: diagnosis, treatment, and management},
  author={V. Karkhanis and J. Joshi},
  journal={Open Access Emergency Medicine : OAEM},
  year={2012},
  volume={4},
  pages={31 - 52}
}
A pleural effusion is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. It can pose a diagnostic dilemma to the treating physician because it may be related to disorders of the lung or pleura, or to a systemic disorder. Patients most commonly present with dyspnea, initially on exertion, predominantly dry cough, and pleuritic chest pain. To treat pleural effusion appropriately, it is important to determine its etiology. However, the etiology of pleural effusion remains unclear in nearly… Expand
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