Pleural Empyema and Aortic Aneurysm

  title={Pleural Empyema and Aortic Aneurysm},
  author={Ching-Yang Wu and Ta-Wei Su and Kuo-Yang Huang and Po Jen Ko and Sheng-Yueh Yu and Tsung-Chi Kao and Te-Chun Shen and Tzu-Yi Chou and Cheng-Li Lin and Chia-Hung Kao},
AbstractPleural empyema (PE) may evolve into necrosis, fistula in the thorax, and sepsis; thus, it is also associated with high mortality.We investigated and analyzed the risk of aortic aneurysm (AA) in a cohort study of patients with PE.A total of 34,250 patients diagnosed with PE were identified as the PE cohort, and 137,000 patients without PE were selected randomly as the control group and matched by sex, age, and index year of PE diagnosis. Patients ages 20 years and younger with a history… 
4 Citations
The Association Between Pleural Empyema and Peripheral Arterial Disease in Younger Patients: A Retrospective National Population-Based Cohort Study
The risk of PAD was higher if patients with PE were younger than 49 years and within the 2-year diagnosis of PE.
Risk of empyema in patients with end-stage renal disease: a nationwide propensity-matched cohort study
The risk of empyema was significantly higher in patients with ESRD than in those without kidney disease and the 30-day mortality rate since em pyema diagnosis was also significantly higher than in patients in the comparison group.
Age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity score is associated with the risk of empyema in patients with COPD
This is the first study to use ACCI scores to analyze the risk of empyema in patients with COPD, and indicated that COPD patients with comorbid autoimmune disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, chest wall injury, or history of thoracostomy did not have a higher risk ofEmpyema than patients without these comorebidities.
A systematic review of comorbidities and outcomes of adult patients with pleural infection
Patients with pleural infection have high levels of comorbidity and long hospital stays, most reported data are from high-income economy settings, and data from lower-income regions is needed to better understand regional trends and enable optimal resource provision going forward.


Empyema: an increasing concern in Canada.
The present study demonstrates the increasing rate of empyema in Canada and shows a change in pattern of disease, and the disproportionate rate change in the pediatric population suggests a high-risk group that needs to be addressed.
Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Aortic Aneurysms: A European Multicenter Study
Endovascular treatment of MAA is feasible and for most patients a durable treatment option, and late infections do occur, are often lethal, and warrant long-term antibiotic treatment and follow-up.
Pneumonia and empyema: causal, casual or unknown.
It is recommended that clinical data be evaluated and a stepwise approach be taken in management of patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion and empyema, as current understanding of the development and relationship of parap pneumonia effusions with pneumonia is discussed.
Salmonella spondylodiscitis associated with a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and paravertebral abscess
Early diagnosis of mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm infected with Salmonella enteritides that spread to the adjacent lumbar vertebra and left psoas muscle facilitates diagnosis while minimizing or preventing more serious complications like paresis and aorta rupture.
Concurrent Salmonella Mycotic Abdominal Aneurysm and Empyema Thoracis: A Rare Coincidence
  • C. Chao
  • Medicine
    Medical Principles and Practice
  • 2014
A 61-year-old male presented with a suicide attempt after ingestion of half a bottle of toilet cleaner and underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and endovascular repair of the abdominal aortic aneurysm and was placed on long-term antibiotics, without recurrence.
Spontaneous infective spondylitis and mycotic aneurysm: incidence, risk factors, outcome and management experience
Paravertebral soft tissue swelling, presence of psoas abscess and/or unclear soft tissue plane between the aorta and vertebral body in relation to mycotic aneurysm may indicate a concomitant infection in the spine, and if prevertebral mass is found in the survey of spine infection, coexisting mycotesm should be considered.
Infected aortic aneurysms: clinical outcome and risk factor analysis.
Ruptured inflammatory aortic aneurysm with aortoenteric fistula and infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae: a review of the literature
The case demonstrates the diverse pathologies associated with aortic aneurysms and a need to be vigilant and occasionally expect the unusual.
Empyema thoracis: new insights into an old disease
Pleural infection is a disease of historical importance and is still a modern menace, with incidences rising in adults and children, and a significant mortality in adults. Basic research is hampered