Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes.

@article{Elmer2009PleistoceneDI,
  title={Pleistocene desiccation in East Africa bottlenecked but did not extirpate the adaptive radiation of Lake Victoria haplochromine cichlid fishes.},
  author={Kathryn R Elmer and Chiara Reggio and Thierry Wirth and Erik Verheyen and Walter Salzburger and Axel Meyer},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2009},
  volume={106 32},
  pages={13404-9}
}
The Great Lakes region of East Africa, including Lake Victoria, is the center of diversity of the mega-diverse cichlid fishes (Perciformes: Teleostei). Paleolimnological evidence indicates dramatic desiccation of this lake ca. 18,000-15,000 years ago. Consequently, the hundreds of extant endemic haplochromine species in the lake must have either evolved since then or refugia must have existed, within that lake basin or elsewhere, from which Lake Victoria was recolonized. We studied the… CONTINUE READING
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