Pleistocene Rewilding: An Optimistic Agenda for Twenty‐First Century Conservation

@article{JoshDonlan2006PleistoceneRA,
  title={Pleistocene Rewilding: An Optimistic Agenda for Twenty‐First Century Conservation},
  author={C. Josh Donlan and Joel Berger and Carl E. Bock and Jane H. Bock and David A. Burney and James A. Estes and Dave Foreman and Paul S. Martin and Gary W. Roemer and Felisa A. Smith and Michael E. Soul{\'e} and Harry W. Greene},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2006},
  volume={168},
  pages={660 - 681}
}
Large vertebrates are strong interactors in food webs, yet they were lost from most ecosystems after the dispersal of modern humans from Africa and Eurasia. We call for restoration of missing ecological functions and evolutionary potential of lost North American megafauna using extant conspecifics and related taxa. We refer to this restoration as Pleistocene rewilding; it is conceived as carefully managed ecosystem manipulations whereby costs and benefits are objectively addressed on a case‐by… 

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