Pleistocene Micromammals and Their Predators at Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa

  title={Pleistocene Micromammals and Their Predators at Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa},
  author={Yolanda Fern{\'a}ndez-Jalvo and D. Margaret Avery},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
Wonderwerk Cave has produced exceptionally large micromammalian samples that provides a range of information pertaining to taphonomy, and prey-predator ecology, which will improve the precision of environmental interpretation. Here, we examine these aspects for mid-Pleistocene strata 12 and 11, and conclude from the taphonomic evidence that the main predator responsible for the small mammal assemblages in the two lower-most strata at the site, was a category 1 predator, likely the barn owl Tyto… 
The Oldowan and Early Acheulean Mammalian Fauna of Wonderwerk Cave (Northern Cape Province, South Africa)
We describe and discuss the large vertebrates recovered from the basal layers (Strata 12 and 11) of Excavation 1 at Wonderwerk Cave, a site located in the Kuruman Hills, Northern Cape Province, South
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The palaeoecological context of the Oldowan–Acheulean in southern Africa
Multi-proxy data from Wonderwerk Cave reveal that both C3 and C4 grasses and prolonged wetlands formed major components of Early Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironments in southern Africa, with regional trends distinct from contemporary ones in eastern Africa.
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Micromammals as palaeoenvironmental indicators of the southern African Quaternary
  • D. Avery
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2007
Micromammals from archaeological cave sites have provided considerable information on environmental conditions during the Quaternary in southern Africa and it is opportune to re-consider the validity of some previous assumptions in the light of significant improvements in understanding of modern processes as well as the constraints implicit in palaeoecological studies.
Small mammal deposits in archaeology : a taphonomic investigation of Tyto alba (barn owl) nesting and roosting sites.
This study has shown that it is possible to recognise owl nests in the archaeological record, and concludes that analysis of these assemblages can elucidate not only the origin of specific predator deposits, but can also be used to investigate the nature of human occupation, usage and abandonment of these sites.
Micromammals in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa, past and present
This paper provides a basis for conservation work by detailing the micromammalian taxa occurring in the Northern Cape Province. It presents new evidence from 30 barn owl pellet collections, augmented
Microstratigraphic evidence of in situ fire in the Acheulean strata of Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape province, South Africa
Micromorphological and Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy analyses of intact sediments at the site of Wonderwerk Cave provide unambiguous evidence—in the form of burned bone and ashed plant remains—that burning took place in the cave during the early Acheulean occupation, approximately 1.0 Ma.
Reconstructing the history of sediment deposition in caves: A case study from Wonderwerk Cave, South Africa
We applied cosmogenic isotope burial dating, magnetostratigraphy, and grain-size distribution analysis to elucidate the history of the sedimentary sequence, composed of fine quartz sands and silts,
The distribution of the water rat Dasymys (Muridae) in Africa: a review
It is postulate that the distribution of the 11 species in Africa can be explained as reflecting the presence of water sources, which in turn define current geographical features, as well as the palaeoclimatic history of the continent.