Pleistocene Human Settlement in the Southeastern United States: Current Evidence and Future Directions

  title={Pleistocene Human Settlement in the Southeastern United States: Current Evidence and Future Directions},
  author={David G Anderson and Ashley Michelle Smallwood and D. Shane Miller},
  pages={51 - 7}
Abstract Research into the earliest occupations in the southeastern United States has been underway since the 1930s, when a pattern of large-scale excavations combined with the reporting of surface finds was initiated that continues to this day. Work at Macon Plateau and Parrish Village, excavated during the New Deal, was followed by a series of stratigraphic excavations in floodplains, rockshelters, and other locales from the 1940s onward. These early studies produced a basic cultural sequence… 

Early Human Settlement of Northeastern North America

This paper summarizes current evidence for earliest human occupation of northeastern North America during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. We review evolution of the region's landscapes and

A Framework for the Initial Occupation of the Americas

  • D. Madsen
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
Abstract A substantial amount of archaeological data suggests groups with markedly different lithic technologies and subsistence adaptations were widespread throughout both American continents by

Setting the Stage: The Late Pleistocene Colonization of North America

The timing of human entrance into North America has been a topic of debate that dates back to the late 19th century. Central to the modern discussion is not whether late Pleistocene-age populations

Origins and spread of fluted-point technology in the Canadian Ice-Free Corridor and eastern Beringia

Results link morphologies and technologies of Clovis, certain western Canadian, and northern fluted points, suggesting that fluting technology arrived in the Arctic from a proximate source in the interior Ice-Free Corridor and ultimately from the earliest populations in temperate North America, complementing new genomic models explaining the peopling of the Americas.

Geoarchaeological investigations at the Ryan‐Harley Paleoindian site, Florida (8JE1004): Implications for human settlement of the Wacissa River Basin during the Younger Dryas

Ryan‐Harley (8JE1004) in the Wacissa River of North Florida is one of few sites in the Eastern United States that contains an unfluted lanceolate point component (Suwannee) in a buried context.

Submerged inland landscapes of the Aucilla basin, Northwest Florida, USA: populating the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene landscape

ABSTRACT Archaeological data have demonstrated that modern Florida was occupied by at least 14,550 years ago, but evidence of Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene peoples (ca. 14,600–8,000 cal B.P.)

Terminal Pleistocene Depositional Patterns and Their Relationship to the Paleoindian Occupation of Drainage Basins in the Middle Atlantic Region, USA

ABSTRACT The impact of the Younger Dryas (12,850–11,700 cal yr BP) on Paleoindian populations has been widely debated in the literature. In the Middle Atlantic region of the United States,

Geoarchaeological framework of Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene sites in the Aucilla River Basin, Northwest Florida, USA

The karstic Aucilla River of Northwest Florida is renowned for its well‐preserved late Pleistocene cultural material and Rancholabrean fauna. Much of this material was recovered by avocational SCUBA



The Early Holocene Occupation of the Southeastern United States: A Geoarchaeological Summary

The southeastern United States has long been of interest to students of the North American Paleoindian period because of the abundant and diverse lithic remains found there. Several thousand fiuted

The Paleoindian and Early Archaic Southeast

The southeastern United States has one of the richest records of early human settlement of any area of North America. This book provides the first state-by-state summary of Paleoindian and Early


Early Archaic Settlement in the Southeastern United States: A Case Study from the Savannah River Valley

Surveys and excavations conducted within the Savannah River watershed in recent years have yielded a wealth of information about organization and adaptive strategies of Early Archaic populations,

Folsom: New Archaeological Investigations of a Classic Paleoindian Bison Kill

In the late 1920s outside a sleepy remote New Mexico village, prehistory was made. Spear points, found embedded between the ribs of an extinct Ice Age bison at the site of Folsom, finally resolved

Holocene Hunter-Gatherers of the Lower Ohio River Valley

By the Early Holocene (10,000 to 8,000 B.P.), small wandering bands of Archaic hunter-gatherers began to annually follow the same hunting trails, basing their temporary camps on seasonal conditions

The 1997 Excavations at the Big Eddy Site (23CE426) in Southwest Missouri

Abstract : Extensive archaeological and geoarchaeological investigations at the Big Eddy site (23CE426) in the Downstream Stockton easement have documented stratified archaeological deposits

Paleoindian Colonization of the Americas: Implications from an Examination of Physiography, Demography, and Artifact Distribution

Abstract GIS-based, least-cost analyses employing continental scale elevation data, coupled with information on the late glacial location of ice sheets and pluvial lakes, suggest possible movement

The Paleo-Indian Tradition in Eastern North America

  • R. J. Mason
  • Environmental Science
    Current Anthropology
  • 1962
ARCHAEOLOGISTS investigating the foundations of the general North American culture sequence are obliged to dig through a long and complex record of ceramic cultures whose initial appearances may be