Pleasure, displeasure, and mixed feelings: Are semantic opposites mutually exclusive?

@article{Schimmack2001PleasureDA,
  title={Pleasure, displeasure, and mixed feelings: Are semantic opposites mutually exclusive?},
  author={Ulrich Schimmack},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  year={2001},
  volume={15},
  pages={81 - 97}
}
  • U. Schimmack
  • Published 1 January 2001
  • Psychology
  • Cognition and Emotion
Are pleasure and displeasure opposite markers of a single dimension, or are pleasure and displeasure two separate feelings? The present article argues that the existing evidence proved inconclusive for four reasons: (a) assessment of affect in unspecified situations, (b) assessment of affect at one moment in time, (c) use of inappropriate statistics, and (d) lack of theoretical predictions. The present article presents a study in which affect was assessed before and after an induction of mild… 

Affect & Conflict 1 Pleasure and Displeasure in Reaction to Conflicting Picture Pairs : Examining Appealingness and Appallingness Appraisals

We examined affective reactions to conflicting (i.e., appealing and appalling) pairs of emotional pictures. In Studies 1 and 2, participants rated the intensity of pleasure and displeasure.

Response latencies of pleasure and displeasure ratings: Further evidence for mixed feelings

All studies that examined the co-occurrence of pleasure and displeasure revealed at least some reports of mixed feelings (i.e., reports of concurrent pleasure and displeasure). Some researchers

Eliciting mixed feelings with the paired-picture paradigm: A tribute to Kellogg (1915)

Can people experience mixed feelings; that is, concurrent experiences of pleasure and displeasure? Kellogg (1915) examined this question with alternating presentations of pleasant and unpleasant

On the Consumption of Negative Feelings

How can the hedonistic assumption (i.e., people's willingness to pursue pleasure and avoid pain) be reconciled with people choosing to expose themselves to experiences known to elicit negative

A premature consensus: are happiness and sadness truly opposite affects?

Within the debate on the structure of affect, a consensus began emerging in the last decade regarding the bipolarity of happiness–sadness. We argue that this consensus is premature. Focusing on the

Mixed Emotional Reactions to Disappointing Wins and Relieving Losses

Because of counterfactual comparisons, good outcomes that could have been better (i.e., disappointing wins) and bad outcomes that could have been worse (i.e., relieving losses) elicit relatively

Levels of Valence

This work proposes a framework to integrate the seemingly disparate conceptualizations of multifaceted valence and one-dimensional valence by suggesting that valence should be conceived at different levels, micro and macro.

How Are You Feeling? Revisiting the Quantification of Emotional Qualia

The association (or dissociation) of valence and arousal was related to the estimation (or nonestimation) of mixed-valence experiences, which suggests that the distinction between valences and arousal may reflect less the nature of emotional experience and more how it is measured.

Hope and fear in the experience of suspense

ABSTRACT The topic of mixed emotions has received considerable attention in recent years. However, two limitations in this research are the lack of (a) theoretical prediction regarding the types of

Beyond a Single Pattern of Mixed Emotional Experience: Sequential, Prevalence, Inverse, and Simultaneous

The Analogical Emotional Scale (AES) permits respondents to represent the changes that occur in the course of two different emotions over the time in which they are experienced (Carrera & Oceja,
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 34 REFERENCES

Measurement error masks bipolarity in affect ratings.

The 3 studies presented in this article suggest that the evidence that purportedly shows the independence of seemingly opposite mood states, that is, low correlations between positive and negative moods, may be the result of failures to consider biases due to random and nonrandom response error.

Facets of Affective Experiences: A Framework for Investigations of Trait Affect

Research on the relation between personality and affect is concerned with the nature of affect dispositions. The authors propose that the general notion of trait affect is too broad and propose a

Dimensional models of core affect: a quantitative comparison by means of structural equation modeling

The present article compares dimensional models of affect with each other. The article focuses on the pleasure–arousal model, the energetic and tense arousal model, and a three‐dimensional model with

Affect Intensity : Separating Intensity and Frequency in Repeatedly Measured Affect

E. Diener, R. J. Larsen, S. Levine, and R. A. Emmons (1985) distinguished between intensity and frequency as separable components in repeatedly measured affect. In this article, an improved way of

Individual differences in the memory representation of emotional episodes: exploring the cognitive processes in repression.

The results indicate that a repressive coping style influences mainly the experience of emotions but not so much the accessibility of emotion memories.

Introduction to the special section on the structure of emotion.

  • E. Diener
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1999
Structural features of affect, such as a bipolar pleasantness-unpleasantness dimension, a circumplex ordering, prototypical discrete emotions, and separable positive and negative emotion clusters are discussed.

The relationship in experience between various types of affect

Universit of MichiganThe co-occurence in experience of various emotions was explored, with the focus on positive versusnegative affect. In Study 1,72 subjects read stories designed to produce varying

Relationship between attitudes and evaluative space: A critical review, with emphasis on the separability of positive and negative substrates.

Evaluative processes refer to the operations by which organisms discriminate threatening from nurturant environments. Low activation of positive and negative evaluative processes by a stimulus

On the bipolarity of positive and negative affect.

When the actual predictions of a bipolar model are considered and error is taken into account, there is little evidence for independence of what were traditionally thought opposites.

The Cognitive Structure of Emotions

The boundaries of the theory Emotion words and cross-cultural issues Emotion experiences and unconscious emotions Coping and the function of emotions Computational tractability.