Playing a rigged game: Inequality's effect on physiological stress responses

  title={Playing a rigged game: Inequality's effect on physiological stress responses},
  author={M. Shapiro and R. Rylant and Amanda de Lima and A. Vidaurri and H. V. D. Werfhorst},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
High income and wealth inequality corresponds with high rates of various health and social problems. One possible factor that could be contributing to this correlation is stress experienced by those being treated unfairly in an unequal society. The present experiment attempted to simulate aspects of income inequality in a lab setting while recording several measures of stress. Participants (n=96) were assigned to one of four groups and played a memory game against a confederate opponent to earn… Expand
Investigating the Effect of Computer Games on the Heart Signal
In this study, we investigate the impact of computer games on sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves and measure the variation of the heart rate signal during playing computer games. To do this, theExpand
Agents' pivotality and reward fairness modulate sense of agency in cooperative joint action
Self and joint SoA were measured through self-reports about feeling of control, that is, using judgment of (felt) control (JoC), and electrodermal activity was recorded during the whole motor task, observing that self and joint JoC were reduced in the case of low motor fluency and was significantly enhanced when agents' roles and rewards were symmetrical. Expand
The decision game: a serious game approach to understanding environmental risk management decisions
Abstract Here we describe the implementation of an experimental research tool called the Decision Game that we used to collect data on household flood risk management decisions. Participants usingExpand
Emotional valence sensing using a wearable facial EMG device
A wearable device to record facial EMG from the corrugator supercilii (CS) and zygomatic major (ZM) muscles showed that CS and ZM activities were negatively and positively correlated with continuous valence ratings. Expand


The effects of experimentally manipulated social status on acute eating behavior: A randomized, crossover pilot study
The pilot data suggest a possible causal relationship between experimentally manipulated low social status and increased acute energy intakes in Hispanic young adults, potentially influenced by decreased feelings of pride and powerfulness. Expand
The 'Trier Social Stress Test'--a tool for investigating psychobiological stress responses in a laboratory setting.
The results suggest that gender, genetics and nicotine consumption can influence the individual's stress responsiveness to psychological stress while personality traits showed no correlation with cortisol responses to TSST stimulation. Expand
Testosterone, cortisol, and women's competition.
Abstract Hormone (testosterone, cortisol)–behavior relationships have been extensively studied among male competitors, and far less so among female competitors. To address this gap, we studiedExpand
Acute Threat to the Social Self: Shame, Social Self-esteem, and Cortisol Activity
Threat to the social self is an important elicitor of shame experience, decreases in social self-esteem and cortisol increases under demanding performance conditions. Expand
Depressed Mood Is Related to High-Frequency Heart Rate Variability During Stressors
Depressed mood is related to the magnitude of decrease in parasympathetic cardiac control during stressors in healthy men and women at rest and during two stressors. Expand
Mind‐Body Medicine: Stress and Its Impact on Overall Health and Longevity
Advances in mind‐body medicine research together with healthy nutrition and lifestyle choices can have a significant impact on health maintenance and disease prevention and hence the prolongation of the human life span. Expand
Egalitarian motives in humans
The results suggest that egalitarian motives affect income-altering behaviours, and may therefore be an important factor underlying the evolution of strong reciprocity and, hence, cooperation in humans. Expand
Cortisol increase in empathic stress is modulated by emotional closeness and observation modality
The occurrence of empathic stress down to the level of HPA-axis activation, in some cases even in total strangers and when only virtually witnessing another's distress, may have important implications for the development of stress-related diseases. Expand
The Association Between Income Inequality and Mental Health: Testing Status Anxiety, Social Capital, and Neo-Materialist Explanations
The 'income inequality hypothesis' holds that beyond a certain level of gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the association between absolute income, health and mortality weakens, and theExpand
The effect of mental stress on heart rate variability and blood pressure during computer work
It is suggested that heart rate-derived variables reflect a central pathway in cardiovascular control mechanisms (“central command”), while the blood pressure response is more influenced by local conditions in the working muscles that partly mask the effect of changes in mental workloads. Expand