Plastid evolution.

@article{Gould2008PlastidE,
  title={Plastid evolution.},
  author={Sven B. Gould and Ross F. Waller and Geoffrey Ian McFadden},
  journal={Annual review of plant biology},
  year={2008},
  volume={59},
  pages={
          491-517
        }
}
The ancestors of modern cyanobacteria invented O(2)-generating photosynthesis some 3.6 billion years ago. The conversion of water and CO(2) into energy-rich sugars and O(2) slowly transformed the planet, eventually creating the biosphere as we know it today. Eukaryotes didn't invent photosynthesis; they co-opted it from prokaryotes by engulfing and stably integrating a photoautotrophic prokaryote in a process known as primary endosymbiosis. After approximately a billion of years of coevolution… 

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