Plastic ingestion as an evolutionary trap: Toward a holistic understanding

  title={Plastic ingestion as an evolutionary trap: Toward a holistic understanding},
  author={Robson G. Santos and Gabriel E. Machovsky-Capuska and Ryan Andrades},
  pages={56 - 60}
Human activities are changing our environment. Along with climate change and a widespread loss of biodiversity, plastic pollution now plays a predominant role in altering ecosystems globally. Here, we review the occurrence of plastic ingestion by wildlife through evolutionary and ecological lenses and address the fundamental question of why living organisms ingest plastic. We unify evolutionary, ecological, and cognitive approaches under the evolutionary trap theory and identify three main… 
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Scavenging as a pathway for plastic ingestion by marine animals.
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Quantifying impacts of plastic debris on marine wildlife identifies ecological breakpoints.
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Exploring plastic-induced satiety in foraging green turtles.
A theoretical complementary view of post-ingestion consequences of plastic ingestion in wildlife is proposed, attempting to connect plastic ingestion with plastic-induced satiety and suggests that higher amounts of plastics in the gastrointestinal tract may led to underweight and emaciated turtles.
Terrestrial ecologists should stop ignoring plastic pollution in the Anthropocene time.
It is highlighted that plastic pollution should be considered a main topic for global change research in the 21st century, especially among terrestrial ecologists at understudied continental regions such as South America.
Ecological novelty and the emergence of evolutionary traps.
A conceptual framework for explaining the susceptibility of animals to traps is summarized that integrates the cost-benefit approach of standard behavioral ecology with an evolutionary approach (reaction norms) to understanding cue-response systems (signal detection).
A catchment‐scale perspective of plastic pollution
The transport and effects of plastics across terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments are reviewed, focusing on hydrological catchments as well‐defined landscape units that provide an integrating scale at which plastic pollution can be investigated and managed.
Microplastics as an emerging threat to terrestrial ecosystems
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