Plastic Accumulation in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre

  title={Plastic Accumulation in the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre},
  author={Kara Lavender Law and Skye Mor{\'e}t-Ferguson and Nikolai Maximenko and Giora Proskurowski and Emily E. Peacock and Jan Hafner and Christopher M Reddy},
  pages={1185 - 1188}
Sea of Plastic Plastics are highly resistant to degradation and persist in the environment after being discarded. Notoriously, plastics accumulate within ocean gyres, where patterns of surface circulation concentrate them into specific regions. One area of plastic buildup lies in the middle of the North Atlantic Gyre. Law et al. (p. 1185; published online 19 August) report results from 22 years of plankton tows in the North Atlantic that showed the pattern of plastics accumulation was indeed as… 

The Arctic Ocean as a dead end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the Thermohaline Circulation

The seafloor beneath this Arctic sector is hypothesized as an important sink of plastic debris given the limited surface transport of the plastic that accumulated here and the mechanisms acting for the downward transport, which would be a dead end for this plastic conveyor belt.

Nature of Plastic Marine Pollution in the Subtropical Gyres

The abundance and distribution of plastic debris in the marine environment show patterns of near- and offshore generation, migration toward and accumulation in the subtropical gyres, fragmentation,

Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution.

Abundance of floating plastic particles is increasing in the western North Atlantic Ocean.

Examining the longest dataset available on floating plastic debris collected using plankton nets in the western North Atlantic from 1986 through 2015 suggests that there was a significant increasing temporal trend in plastic particle concentration that tracked cumulative global plastics production.

Plastic Accumulation in the Mediterranean Sea

Plastic debris in the Mediterranean surface waters was dominated by millimeter-sized fragments, but showed a higher proportion of large plastic objects than that present in oceanic gyres, reflecting the closer connection with pollution sources.

The deep sea is a major sink for microplastic debris

It is shown that deep-sea sediments are a likely sink for microplastics, and the dominance of microfibres points to a previously underreported and unsampled plastic fraction.

Microplastics in the pelagic environment around oceanic islands of the Western Tropical Atlantic Ocean

Recent evidence suggests that microplastic pollution is widespread in every oceanic basin; however, there is limited data available for the tropical South Atlantic Ocean. The purpose of this study

High concentrations of plastic hidden beneath the surface of the Atlantic Ocean

It is shown that large quantities of microplastics exist below the ocean surface over the entire Atlantic in quantities greater than previously estimated.

Plastic pollution in the South Pacific subtropical gyre.





The distribution, abundance, and characteristics of marine debris in the North Pacific, Bering Sea, and Japan Sea were studied during the 5-year period 1984-88 using standardized observations at 181

Quantitative Tar and Plastic Waste Distributions in the Pacific Ocean

WE report in this letter the first quantitative data on tar and plastic waste distributions in the surface waters of the Pacific Ocean. During the Canadian Transpac-72 cruise, thirty-seven surface

Potential for plastics to transport hydrophobic contaminants.

Plastic debris may be important agents in the transport of hydrophobic contaminants to sediment-dwelling organisms, and the addition of as little as 1 microg of contaminated polyethylene to a gram of sediment would give a significant increase in phenanthrene accumulation by A. marina.

Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings—entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions

  • M. Gregory
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2009
There are rapidly developing research interests in the biota attracted to freely floating marine debris, commonly known as ‘hangers-on and hitch-hikers’ as well as material sinking to the sea floor despite being buoyant.