Plasmodium falciparum Mutant Haplotype Infection during Pregnancy Associated with Reduced Birthweight, Tanzania

Abstract

Intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is a key strategy in the control of pregnancy-associated malaria. However, this strategy is compromised by widespread drug resistance from single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the Plasmodium falciparum dihydrofolate reductase and dihydropteroate synthetase genes. During September 2008-October 2010, we monitored a cohort of 924 pregnant women in an area of Tanzania with declining malaria transmission. P. falciparum parasites were genotyped, and the effect of infecting haplotypes on birthweight was assessed. Of the genotyped parasites, 9.3%, 46.3%, and 44.4% had quadruple or less, quintuple, and sextuple mutated haplotypes, respectively. Mutant haplotypes were unrelated to SP doses. Compared with infections with the less-mutated haplotypes, infections with the sextuple haplotype mutation were associated with lower (359 g) birthweights. Continued use of the suboptimal IPTp-SP regimen should be reevaluated, and alternative strategies (e.g., intermittent screening and treatment or intermittent treatment with safe and effective alternative drugs) should be evaluated.

DOI: 10.3201/eid1909.130133

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@inproceedings{Minja2013PlasmodiumFM, title={Plasmodium falciparum Mutant Haplotype Infection during Pregnancy Associated with Reduced Birthweight, Tanzania}, author={Daniel T. R. Minja and Christentze Schmiegelow and Bruno P. Mmbando and St{\'e}phanie Bostr{\"{o}m and Mayke J. A. M. Oesterholt and Pamela A. Magistrado and Caroline Pehrson and Davis John and Ali Salanti and Adrian J.F. Luty and Martha M. Lemnge and Thor G. Theander and John P. A. Lusingu and Michael Alifrangis}, booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases}, year={2013} }