Enhanced neuropeptide Y immunoreactivity and vasoconstriction in mesenteric small arteries from the early non-obese diabetic mouse.
Neuropeptide-Y (NPY) is a peptide proposed to modulate the effect of the sympathetic nervous system on blood pressure control and contribute to the development of essential hypertension. To assess the possible influence of gender on its role, we evaluated plasma NPY, noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) concentrations in men and women with essential hypertension. No difference in NPY concentration was found between genders, but NPY concentration was elevated in both hypertensive men and women. NA levels were similar in all investigated hyper- and normotensives, while A was increased only in hypertensive men. These results suggest various patterns of sympatho-adrenal activity in gender subgroups of patients with essential hypertension.