A qualitative and quantitative analysis of lectin-binding sites has been undertaken on spermatozoa recovered from different regions of the epididymis of the goat (Capra indicus) using fluorescein isothiocyanate-linked lectins (Bauhinia purpurea BPA, Concanavalin A Con A, Dolichos biflorus DBA, Maclura pomifera MPA, Arachis hypogaea or peanut agglutinin PNA, Glycine max or soyabean agglutinin SBA, Ulex europaeus UEA, and Triticum vulgaris or wheat-germ agglutinin WGA), in conjunction with scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and freeze-fracture techniques. Flow cytometric analysis has also been used to quantitize binding affinity. Spermatozoa from caput to cauda epididymidis show no significant variation in lectinbinding ability, but the samples removed from the corpus epididymidis contain a greater number of binding sites. The passage of spermatozoa through the epididymidis is accompanied by a redistribution of the plasma membrane lectin-receptors covering the sperm head and tail. Receptors for BPA, DBA, PNA and SBA are specifically restricted to the anterior region of the acrosome in caudal spermatozoa. Freeze-fracture replicas, examined to study changes in organisation of intramembranous particles of the plasma membrane during sperm maturation, reveal distinct changes in their distribution in the acrosome, post-acrosome and spermatozoon tail, especially in the corpus and cauda epididymidis.